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Évolutions locales de l'industrie 1982-1992 et convergence régionale

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  • Françoise Maurel
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    [fre] Évolutions locales de l'industrie 1982-1992 et convergence régionale par Françoise Maurel À partir de données sectorielles et régionales, cet article étudie l'influence des caractéristiques passées et présentes de l'industrie et plus généralement de l' environnement des entreprises sur la croissance locale de l'emploi entre 1 982 et 1 992, dans différents secteurs industriels. L'analyse menée à partir du modèle classique de convergence conditionnelle confirme dans un premier temps la faiblesse du processus de convergence de l'emploi entre zones géographiques. Ceci conduit à rechercher des facteurs explicatifs de la persistance des disparités locales. Parmi les facteurs d'agglomération mis en évidence, tant le niveau local du capital humain que des facteurs propres au tissu industriel se révèlent significatifs dans l'explication de la croissance de l'emploi des secteurs, relativement à leur niveau initial. Les résultats empiriques obtenus valident également l'importance des économies de localisation en faisant notamment de la concurrence locale un facteur de croissance des industries, ainsi qu'un facteur de convergence. [eng] Local Changes in Industry 1982-1992 and Regional Convergence: Some Empirical Findings from French Data by Françoise Maurel This article uses sectoral and regional data to examine the influence of the past and present characteristics of industry and, more generally, the business environment, on the growth of local employment in various industrial sectors between 1982 and 1992. The analysis first uses a classical conditional convergence model to show the weak convergence of employment levels between different geographical areas. Then, it identifies the factors that explain the persistence of local disparities. Of the geographical concentration factors brought to light, both the level of local human capital and the factors specific to the industrial structures turn out to be significant, in relation to their initial levels, in explaining the growth of employment in the sectors. The empirical findings also validate the important role of external economies in location choices, showing that local competition is a growth factor for industrial sectors and a convergence factor.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 131 (1997)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 77-91

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1997_num_131_5_5886
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1997.5886
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    1. Glaeser, Edward L. & Scheinkman, JoseA. & Shleifer, Andrei, 1995. "Economic growth in a cross-section of cities," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 117-143, August.
    2. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    3. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Lawrence F. Katz, 1992. "Regional Evolutions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 23(1), pages 1-76.
    4. Henderson, Vernon & Kuncoro, Ari & Turner, Matt, 1995. "Industrial Development in Cities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(5), pages 1067-1090, October.
    5. Henderson, Vernon, 1997. "Externalities and Industrial Development," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 449-470, November.
    6. repec:hoo:wpaper:e-95-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Davis, Steven J & Haltiwanger, John & Schuh, Scott, 1996. "Small Business and Job Creation: Dissecting the Myth and Reassessing the Facts," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 8(4), pages 297-315, August.
    8. Greene, William H, 1981. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error: Comment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(3), pages 795-798, May.
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