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Are the public firms more innovative than the private ones?

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  • Juan Carlos Bárcena-Ruiz

Abstract

This paper shows that the public firms can be more innovative and, thus, more efficient than the private firms. To verify this conclusion, a mixed duopoly is considered that allows both the public firm and the private firm to adopt a new technology with a positive fixed cost that reduces the marginal cost of production. The private firm maximizes profits while the public firm maximizes the weighed sum of the consumer and producer surpluses. In this framework, it is shown that if the cost of setting up a new technology takes an intermediate value when the weight of the consumer surplus in social welfare is high enough, the public firm is more innovative than the private one. Moreover, there is at least as much innovation in a mixed duopoly as in a private duopoly if the cost of setting up a new technology is high enough.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Carlos Bárcena-Ruiz, 2008. "Are the public firms more innovative than the private ones?," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2008(2), pages 157-167.
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpep:v:2008:y:2008:i:2:id:327:p:157-167
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Poyago-Theotoky, Joanna, 1998. "R&D Competition in a Mixed Duopoly under Uncertainty and Easy Imitation," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 415-428, September.
    2. Nett, Lorenz, 1994. "Why private firms are more innovative than public firms," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 639-653, December.
    3. Hikaru Ogawa & Ming Hsin Lin, 2005. "Cost reducing incentives in a mixed duopoly market," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 12(6), pages 1-6.
    4. De Fraja, Giovanni, 1993. "Unions and Wages in Public and Private Firms: A Game-Theoretic Analysis," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 45(3), pages 457-469, July.
    5. Vining, Aidan R & Boardman, Anthony E, 1992. "Ownership versus Competition: Efficiency in Public Enterprise," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 73(2), pages 205-239, March.
    6. Matsumura, Toshihiro, 1998. "Partial privatization in mixed duopoly," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(3), pages 473-483, December.
    7. Bos, Dieter & Peters, Wolfgang, 1995. "Double inefficiency in optimally organized firms," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 355-375, March.
    8. Willner, Johan, 1999. "Policy objectives and performance in a mixed market with bargaining," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 137-145, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, Yi-Wen & Yang, Ya-Po & Wang, Leonard F.S. & Wu, Shih-Jye, 2014. "Technology licensing in mixed oligopoly," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 193-204.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    mixed duopoly; innovation;

    JEL classification:

    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out

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