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Determinants of European Firm's Innovation and the Role of Public Financial Support

Author

Listed:
  • Jan Huňady
  • Marta Orviská
  • Beata Šarkanová

Abstract

Innovation activities at firm-level are often significantly influenced by factors that determine the outcome of the innovation process. The primary aim of this paper is to study and empirically verify the role of several determinants that affect company innovations in the European Union. The dataset for the analysis comes from Flash Eurobarometer 394 survey carried out in early 2014 and covers issues related to innovation activities, commercialization of innovation and also public support. We summarize the answers on selected questions from the survey by country, and subsequently based on the dataset, we perform regression analysis. In line with our primary assumptions, our results suggest that R&D activities on firm-level and their support represent the key factors substantially responsible for innovations. The work emphasizes the importance of firm characteristics and substantial differences between different types of innovation. Public sector support of innovation is also crucial.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Huňady & Marta Orviská & Beata Šarkanová, 2014. "Determinants of European Firm's Innovation and the Role of Public Financial Support," European Financial and Accounting Journal, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2014(1), pages 62-84.
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlefa:v:2014:y:2014:i:1:id:115
    DOI: 10.18267/j.efaj.115
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Philippe Aghion & Nick Bloom & Richard Blundell & Rachel Griffith & Peter Howitt, 2005. "Competition and Innovation: an Inverted-U Relationship," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(2), pages 701-728.
    2. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B, 1988. "Innovation in Large and Small Firms: An Empirical Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(4), pages 678-690, September.
    3. Kaldor, Nicholas, 1972. "The Irrelevance of Equilibrium Economics," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(328), pages 1237-1255, December.
    4. Lerner, Josh, 1999. "The Government as Venture Capitalist: The Long-Run Impact of the SBIR Program," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 72(3), pages 285-318, July.
    5. Scherer, F M, 1992. "Schumpeter and Plausible Capitalism," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(3), pages 1416-1433, September.
    6. Cohen, Wesley M & Klepper, Steven, 1996. "Firm Size and the Nature of Innovation within Industries: The Case of Process and Product R&D," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(2), pages 232-243, May.
    7. Boone, Jan, 2001. "Intensity of competition and the incentive to innovate," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 705-726, April.
    8. Blind, Knut, 2012. "The influence of regulations on innovation: A quantitative assessment for OECD countries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 391-400.
    9. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Firm; Innovation; Public support; R&; D activities;

    JEL classification:

    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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