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Competitive Balance in Turkish Soccer


  • Tuğbay Inan
  • Ali Murat Kaya


Sports leagues are obliged to shelter a particular competitive balance within them to survive. Because if the other conditions were being equal, not being predicted of the match result would create an enormous interest on the fans and it would increase the desire of the spectators to follow the league matches. In this study, it was determined the process of the level of competitive balance by using the Herfindahl-Hirschman index and the C5 Competitive balance index, including Turkey Sports Super League (STSL) and the Bank Asya First League (BAFD) 2002-2003 / 2009-2010 seasons. According to the evidence it can be said that there have been rough and unsteady conditions in both leagues and BAFD is more competitive than STSL.

Suggested Citation

  • Tuğbay Inan & Ali Murat Kaya, 2011. "Competitive Balance in Turkish Soccer," Ekonomika a Management, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2011(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnleam:v:2011:y:2011:i:2:id:134

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sloane, Peter J, 1971. "The Economics of Professional Football: The Football Club as a Utility Maximiser," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 18(2), pages 121-146, June.
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    More about this item


    Competitive Balance; Turkish Leagues; Soccer;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism


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