IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Convergence Model of Governance: A Case Study of the Local Government System of Pakistan


  • Syed Akhter Hussain Shah

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)

  • Mahmood Khalid

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad)

  • tariq shah

    (Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad)


The future of devolution plan in Pakistan may be analysed in view of our Convergence model. This model views stability of the local Govt. system drawn on Devolution Plan 2001. It claims that as there would be more volatile and non-committed (floating) number of agents in the political market and governance system, there is more probability of divergence; i.e. the system will remain unstable. Contrary to that more is the systematic trend in political market and governance system more is the probability that the convergence in the system occurs and that in turn leads to stability of the over all system. In this ‘Convergence’ Model different types of agents have been highlighted on the basis of their political ffiliation and being in competition as ruling elite and/or their allies and non-ruling elite and/or their allies. The agents have interactive relationship horizontally and vertically with other agents i.e. either they are ally or otherwise. The composition of this structure of the agents and clients is based on the principle of bottom top pproach i.e. Union council’s members, Nazim and their political competitors, Tehsil council and Nazim, District Nazim and his allied district assembly members and their political competitors, Member provincial Assembly and their political rivals, Member National Assembly/Senator, and their political rival and the ruling political elites, Provincial Government and their political rivals, and Political elites ruling Federal Government and their political rivals.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Syed Akhter Hussain Shah & Mahmood Khalid & tariq shah, 2006. "Convergence Model of Governance: A Case Study of the Local Government System of Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 45(4), pages 855-871.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:45:y:2006:i:4:p:855-871

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fama, Eugene F & Jensen, Michael C, 1983. "Separation of Ownership and Control," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 301-325, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Shah, Syed Akhter Hussain & Shah, Tariq & Ahmad, Eatzaz, 2011. "Equilibrium in Economic Development A Perspective of Social Capital," MPRA Paper 59294, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Tariq Shah & Syed Akhter Hussain Shah & Eatzaz Ahmed, 2010. "Algebraic Representation of Social Capital Matrix," PIDE-Working Papers 2010:61, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    3. Syed Akther Hussain Shah & Tariq Shah & Mahmood Khalid, 2015. "Employment Strategy and Equitable Growth - A Social Capital Perspective for KPK," PIDE-Working Papers 2015:120, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H70 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - General
    • H83 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - Public Administration


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:45:y:2006:i:4:p:855-871. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Khurram Iqbal). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.