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The Determinants of Capital Structure of Stock Exchange-listed Non-financial Firms in Pakistan

Author

Listed:
  • Attaullah Shah

    (Institute of Management Sciences, Peshawar.)

  • Tahir Hijazi

    (Muhammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad.)

Abstract

In this paper, we study the potential determinates of the capital structure of non-financial firms listed on Karachi Stock Exchange. We analyse a sample of 445 firms listed on the KSE for the period 1997–2001. We have chosen tangibility of assets, size, firm growth rate, and profitability as independent variables, and measure their effect on debt/total asset ratio (proxy for leverage). Using the technique of panel data analysis, we observe that of the four independent variables, growth, size, and profitability have significant effect on leverage. However, we do not find tangibility as significantly correlated with leverage.

Suggested Citation

  • Attaullah Shah & Tahir Hijazi, 2004. "The Determinants of Capital Structure of Stock Exchange-listed Non-financial Firms in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 43(4), pages 605-618.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:43:y:2004:i:4:p:605-618
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Imran Umer Chhapra & Muhammad Asim, 2012. "Determinants Of Capital Structuring: An Empirical Study Of Growth And Financing Behavior Of Firms Of Textile Sector In Pakistan," IBT Journal of Business Studies (JBS), Ilma University, Faculty of Management Science, vol. 8(2), pages 8-1.
    2. Attiya Yasmin Javid & Qaisar Imad, 2012. "A Decomposition Analysis of Capital Structure: Evidence from Pakistan’s Manufacturing Sector," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 17(1), pages 1-31, Jan-June.
    3. Erlane K. Ghani & Raja Rehan & Sultan Salahuddin & Qazi Muhammad Adnan Hye, 2023. "Discovering Capital Structure Determinants for SAARC Energy Firms," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 13(1), pages 135-143, January.
    4. Imran Umer Chhapra & Muhammad Asim, 2012. "Determinants Of Capital Structuring: An Empirical Study Of Growth And Financing Behavior Of Firms Of Textile Sector In Pakistan," IBT Journal of Business Studies (JBS), Ilma University, Faculty of Management Science, vol. 8(2), pages 1-10.
    5. Bashar K. Abu Khalaf & Bara' Al-Nees & Lilana Sukkari, 2017. "Palestine and Saudi Arabia, Two Different Countries with Two Different Conditions: Are the Determinants of Capital Structure of Corresponding Markets the Same?," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 7(2), pages 365-369.
    6. Shah, Mohay Ud Din & Shah, Attaullah & Khan, Safi Ullah, 2017. "Herding behavior in the Pakistan stock exchange: Some new insights," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 865-873.
    7. Sohail AMJED* & S.M. Amir SHAH**, 2017. "The Impact of Leverage Variances on Growth: A Longitudinal Study of Pakistan’s Corporate Sector," Pakistan Journal of Applied Economics, Applied Economics Research Centre, vol. 27(2), pages 249-266.
    8. Shah, Mumtaz Hussain & Khan, Sajjad, 2017. "Factors Effecting Commercial Banks Profitability in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 82016, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Khan, Naimat U. & Shah Jehan, Qurat Ul Ain & Shah, Attaullah, 2017. "Impact of taxation on dividend policy: Evidence from Pakistan," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 365-375.
    10. Samuel Nduati Kariuki & Charles Guandaru Kamau, 2014. "Determinants of Corporate Capital Structure among Private Manufacturing Firms in Kenya: A Survey of Food and Beverage Manufacturing Firms," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 4(3), pages 49-62, July.
    11. Mirza Muhammad Naseer & Muhammad Asif Khan & József Popp & Judit Oláh, 2021. "Firm, Industry and Macroeconomics Dynamics of Stock Returns: A Case of Pakistan Non-Financial Sector," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 14(5), pages 1-18, April.
    12. Liviu-Adrian ?aga, 2015. "Capital structure ? Romanian and Eastern-Europe companies," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 1003806, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
    13. Muhammad Naveed, 2015. "Capital Structure Dynamics and Sensitivity Analysis: A Case of Developing Country?," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 2603875, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
    14. Ahmed Arif & Bilal Aslam, 2014. "Determinants of Capital Structure: An Age Wise Analysis from Non-Financial Sector of Pakistan," International Journal of Empirical Finance, Research Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 3(2), pages 76-89.
    15. Hamid Ahmad & Bashir A. Fida & Muhammad Zakaria, 2013. "The Co-determinants of Capital Structure and Stock Returns: Evidence from the Karachi Stock Exchange," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 18(1), pages 81-92, Jan-June.
    16. Waqar BADSHAH & Shoaib IRSHAD & Usman HAKAM & Adnan Saeed KHAN, 2016. "Bank’S Supply Of Credit And Corporate Capital Structure In Pakistan," Romanian Economic Business Review, Romanian-American University, vol. 11(4.1), pages 17-24, december.
    17. Jahirul HOQUE & Ashraf HOSSAIN & Kabir HOSSAIN, 2014. "Impact Of Capital Structure Policy On Value Of The Firm – A Study On Some Selected Corporate Manufacturing Firms Under Dhaka Stock Exchange," EcoForum, "Stefan cel Mare" University of Suceava, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Public Administration - Economy, Business Administration and Tourism Department., vol. 3(2), pages 1-9, July.
    18. Musa Bashir, Mohammed, 2019. "Impact Of Firm Attributes In The Determination Of Capital Structure Of Listed Food And Bevearges Firms In Nigeria," International Journal of Contemporary Accounting Issues-IJCAI (formerly International Journal of Accounting & Finance IJAF), The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria (ICAN), vol. 8(2), pages 64-74, September.
    19. Shah, Mumtaz Hussain & Khan, Atta Ullah, 2017. "Factors determining capital structure of Pakistani non-financial firms," MPRA Paper 82015, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Attaullah Shah & Zahoor Khan, 2016. "Importance of Judicial Efficiency in Capital Structure Decisions of Small Firms: Evidence from Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 55(4), pages 361-394.
    21. Attaullah Shah & Jasir Ilyas, 2014. "Is Negative Profitability-Leverage Relation the only Support for the Pecking Order Theory in Case of Pakistani Firms?," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 53(1), pages 33-55.

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    Keywords

    Capital Movement;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets

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