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Gender Dimensions of Demographic Change in Pakistan


  • Naushin Mahmood

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Durr-E-Nayab

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)


The achieving of equality and equity between men and women in different spheres of life is essential for the attainment of sustainable development goals. In this context, the need for enhancement of women’s participation in national development programmes and their full integration into the development process has been widely recognised in various global and regional forums. More recently, the Programme of Action adopted by the International Conference on Population and Development at Cairo in 1994 reaffirmed and elaborated the role of women in national development, and endorsed a new strategy that emphasises “gender equality, equity and empowerment of women”. In this context, the Programme of Action recommends that countries should act to empower women and should take steps to eliminate inequalities between men and women by providing them with more choices through expanded access to education and health services, skill development and employment, and eliminating all practices that discriminate against women [United Nations (1995)]. Pursuant to these principles, it is of interest to study the gender related aspects of population and development with a particular focus on the current situation and role of women in the family. While it is true that men are viewed as head of the family in almost all social structures who participate more in the formal economic and social affairs and decision making in the community, it is equally true that women tend to play a major role in household affairs, in forming production and consumption patterns and in generating income for the family.

Suggested Citation

  • Naushin Mahmood & Durr-E-Nayab, 1998. "Gender Dimensions of Demographic Change in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 37(4), pages 705-725.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:37:y:1998:i:4:p:705-725

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Abadian, Sousan, 1996. "Women's autonomy and its impact on fertility," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(12), pages 1793-1809, December.
    2. Durr-E-Nayab, 1999. "Fertility Preferences and Behaviour: A Case Study of Two Villages in the Punjab, Pakistan," PIDE-Working Papers 1999:173, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hina Nazli & Shahnaz Hamid, 1999. "Concerns of Food Security, Role of Gender, and Intrahousehold Dynamics in Pakistan," PIDE-Working Papers 1999:175, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    2. Toseef Azid & Rana Ejaz Ali Khan & Adnan M.S. Alamasi, 2010. "Labor force participation of married women in Punjab (Pakistan)," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(8), pages 592-612, July.
    3. Ehsan U. Choudhri & Mohsin S. Khan, 2002. "The Exchange Rate and Consumer Prices in Pakistan: Is Rupee Devaluation In Inflationary?," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 41(2), pages 107-120.

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