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Banks as Accelerators of the Circulation of Money


  • Laurent Le Maux

    (University of Paris Saint-Denis, rue de la liberté, 93200 Saint-Denis, France)


The money multiplier approach asserts that banks are unique in that they implement a creation of money, while the finance approach regards banking institutions as financial intermediaries among others. In retrospect, Cantillon’s Essai stands between these two extreme approaches. It both challenges the money multiplier approach and grants to banks a significant monetary role. The aim of the paper is to clarify Cantillon’s theoretical propositions on bank issuing of debts convertible on demand into money at face value and to explore further the proposition according to which banks contribute to accelerating the circulation of money.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurent Le Maux, 2015. "Banks as Accelerators of the Circulation of Money," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 41(4), pages 537-546, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:easeco:v:41:y:2015:i:4:p:537-546

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Neil T. Skaggs, 1991. "John Fullarton's Law of Reflux and Central Bank Policy," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 23(3), pages 457-480, Fall.
    2. Laurent Le Maux, 2014. "Cantillon And Hume On Money And Banking: The Foundations Of Two Theoretical Traditions," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(5), pages 956-970, December.
    3. Fama, Eugene F., 1980. "Banking in the theory of finance," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 39-57, January.
    4. David Glasner, 1992. "The Real-Bills Doctrine in the Light of the Law of Reflux," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 24(4), pages 867-894, Winter.
    5. Williams, Jeffrey C, 1984. "Fractional Reserve Banking in Grain," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 16(4), pages 488-496, November.
    6. Laurent Le Maux, 2012. "The Banking School and the Law of Reflux in General," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 44(4), pages 595-618, Winter.
    7. Carl Wennerlind, 2005. "David Hume's Monetary Theory Revisited: Was He Really a Quantity Theorist and an Inflationist?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(1), pages 223-252, February.
    8. Bordo, Michael David, 1983. "Some aspects of the monetary economics of Richard Cantillon," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 235-258.
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