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The Banking School and the Law of Reflux in General


  • Laurent Le Maux


This article builds a “matrix of reflux” of all the channels of reflux of demand debts described by the banking school. It follows that the banking school’s law of reflux in general is different from the antibullionist real bills doctrine and more complete than a description of the market discipline that throws any convertible issue in excess out of circulation. In addition to the description of the different channels of reflux inside the banking system (channels of the clearing mechanism may be described as the law of interbank reflux), the article extends the matrix of reflux in the international context of the specie regime (all the channels may then be described as the law of international reflux). As a result, the matrix of reflux clarifies the structure of the banking school’s framework and helps us gain a clearer picture of the overall coherence of the banking principles.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurent Le Maux, 2012. "The Banking School and the Law of Reflux in General," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 44(4), pages 595-618, Winter.
  • Handle: RePEc:hop:hopeec:v:44:y:2012:i:4:p:595-618

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    Cited by:

    1. Laurent Le Maux, 2015. "Banks as Accelerators of the Circulation of Money," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 41(4), pages 537-546, September.

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    banking school; law of reflux; Bank of England;


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