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Are the Determinants of Intergenerational Welfare Dependency Gender-specific?

Author

Listed:
  • Gail Pacheco

    () (Auckland University of Technology)

  • Tim Maloney

    (University of Auckland)

Abstract

This paper presents a brief analysis of differences in welfare participation by gender in New Zealand. Using longitudinal data (the Christchurch Health and Development Study), structural and reduced-form regression models are estimated. Our results indicate that females have an estimated intergenerational correlation coefficient that is more than double that for males. Possible reasons for this gender difference appear to be both a larger direct effect of parents’ welfare dependency and a greater indirect effect through the educational outcome of the female youth. Specifically, two household characteristics (parents’ welfare recipiency and larger family size) significantly and negatively influence young female adults in terms of their educational attainment and consequently in terms of their higher likelihood of welfare recipiency.

Suggested Citation

  • Gail Pacheco & Tim Maloney, 2003. "Are the Determinants of Intergenerational Welfare Dependency Gender-specific?," Australian Journal of Labour Economics (AJLE), Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School, vol. 6(3), pages 371-382, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:ozl:journl:v:6:y:2003:i:3:p:371-382
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    Cited by:

    1. Nicolas Hérault & Guyonne Kalb, 2016. "Intergenerational correlation of labor market outcomes," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 231-249, March.
    2. Gabriella Berloffa & Eleonora Matteazzi & Paola Villa, 2016. "Family background and youth labour market outcomes across Europe," Working Papers 393, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economics of Gender Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility: Promotion Welfare and Poverty: Government Programs Provision: and Effects of Welfare Programs;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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