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Some new insights into real convergence in MENA countries’ regional areas: a spatial econometric analysis


  • Nicolas Péridy
  • Mohamed Hazem
  • Marc Brunetto


This paper proposes an analysis of real income convergence in MENA countries for more than 800 disaggregated regional areas. A spatial analysis is implemented in order to take into account the spatial interactions of GDP per capita in these areas. Moreover, a b-convergence equation (absolute and conditional) is estimated with spatially correlated errors and spatial lag models. The conditional model also includes original climate variables (temperature and precipitations) at the same geographical level. Results show that the hypothesis of regional convergence is generally accepted in most MENA countries, with the exception of Egypt and Morocco. However, the convergence process is slow and climate change in MENA countries is likely to further slowdown this process.

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  • Nicolas Péridy & Mohamed Hazem & Marc Brunetto, 2013. "Some new insights into real convergence in MENA countries’ regional areas: a spatial econometric analysis," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 2(4), pages 150-160.
  • Handle: RePEc:ove:journl:aid:9947

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hashem Pesaran, M., 2007. "A pair-wise approach to testing for output and growth convergence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 138(1), pages 312-355, May.
    2. Guetat, Imene & Serranito, Francisco, 2007. "Income convergence within the MENA countries: A panel unit root approach," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(5), pages 685-706, February.
    3. Francisco Serranito & Imène Guetat, 2007. "Income Convergence within MENA countries: a panel unit root approach," Post-Print halshs-00174157, HAL.
    4. Craigwell, Roland & Maurin, Alain, 2011. "Are Caribbean countries diverging or converging? evidence from spatial econometrics," MPRA Paper 33433, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    6. Sandy Dall'erba & Julie Le Gallo, 2008. "Regional convergence and the impact of European structural funds over 1989-1999: A spatial econometric analysis," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(2), pages 219-244, June.
    7. Melissa Dell & Benjamin F. Jones & Benjamin A. Olken, 2009. "Temperature and Income: Reconciling New Cross-Sectional and Panel Estimates," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(2), pages 198-204, May.
    8. Hakim Hammouda & Stephen Karingi & Angelica Njuguna & Mustapha Jallab, 2009. "Why Doesn’t Regional Integration Improve Income Convergence in Africa?," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 21(2), pages 291-330.
    9. Xavier Sala-I-Martin & Gernot Doppelhofer & Ronald I. Miller, 2004. "Determinants of Long-Term Growth: A Bayesian Averaging of Classical Estimates (BACE) Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(4), pages 813-835, September.
    10. Robert J. Barro, 2003. "Determinants of Economic Growth in a Panel of Countries," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 4(2), pages 231-274, November.
    11. Ramajo, Julián & Márquez, Miguel A. & Hewings, Geoffrey J.D. & Salinas, María M., 2008. "Spatial heterogeneity and interregional spillovers in the European Union: Do cohesion policies encourage convergence across regions?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 551-567, April.
    12. Soundararajan, Pushparaj, 2013. "Regional income convergence in India: A Bayesian Spatial Durbin Model approach," MPRA Paper 44744, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    Cited by:

    1. Alexandra Schaffar & Nicolas Péridy, 2015. "Exploring spatial convergence of Maghreb regional areas: An application of a Markov chains approach," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 35(3), pages 1848-1855.

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