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How do researchers generate scientific and societal impacts? Toward an analytical and operational framework

Author

Listed:
  • Pablo D’Este
  • Irene Ramos-Vielba
  • Richard Woolley
  • Nabil Amara

Abstract

Models of research systems increasingly emphasize collaborations between networks of heterogeneous actors, to both produce knowledge and formulate interdisciplinary responses to societal challenges and market needs. In this context, researchers’ goals and practices are required to satisfy professional requirements for new scientific findings and societal demand for relevant knowledge. Researchers may need also to find ways to reconcile tensions between these two missions. This article proposes an analytical and operational framework that incorporates individual, organizational and process-context factors to explain distinct configurations of scientific and societal impacts from research. The framework emphasises the role of productive interactions with different nonacademic actors as a mechanism for reconciling the scientific and societal missions of research.

Suggested Citation

  • Pablo D’Este & Irene Ramos-Vielba & Richard Woolley & Nabil Amara, 2018. "How do researchers generate scientific and societal impacts? Toward an analytical and operational framework," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 45(6), pages 752-763.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:scippl:v:45:y:2018:i:6:p:752-763.
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1093/scipol/scy023
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gunnar Sivertsen & Ingeborg Meijer, 2020. "Normal versus extraordinary societal impact: how to understand, evaluate, and improve research activities in their relations to society?," Research Evaluation, Oxford University Press, vol. 29(1), pages 66-70.
    2. Wesley M. Cohen & Henry Sauermann & Paula Stephan, 2020. "Not in the Job Description: The Commercial Activities of Academic Scientists and Engineers," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 66(9), pages 4108-4117, September.
    3. Ferran Giones & Daniel Laufs & Carsten Schultz, 2020. "Co-creating Science Commercialization Opportunities for Blue Biotechnologies: The FucoSan Project," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(14), pages 1-18, July.
    4. Igors Skute, 2019. "Opening the black box of academic entrepreneurship: a bibliometric analysis," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 120(1), pages 237-265, July.

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