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Aggregate and Farm-Level Productivity Growth in Tobacco: Before and After the Quota Buyout

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  • Barrett E. Kirwan
  • Shinsuke Uchida
  • T. Kirk White

Abstract

We examine the distortionary effects of agricultural policy on farm productivity by examining the response of U.S. tobacco farmers' productivity to the quota buyout of 2004. We focus on the impact of distortionary policy, i.e., the tobacco quota, by decomposing aggregate productivity growth into the contribution of farm-level productivity growth and the contribution of reallocation of resources among tobacco growers. We find that the aggregate productivity of Kentucky tobacco farms grew 44% between 2002 and 2007. The elimination of quota rental costs and reallocation of resources, including entry and exit, accounted for most of the post-buyout productivity growth. Copyright 2012, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Barrett E. Kirwan & Shinsuke Uchida & T. Kirk White, 2012. "Aggregate and Farm-Level Productivity Growth in Tobacco: Before and After the Quota Buyout," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 94(4), pages 838-853.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:94:y:2012:i:4:p:838-853
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    Cited by:

    1. Frick, Fabian & Sauer, Johannes, 2016. "Deregulation and Productivity – Empirical Evidence on Dairy Production," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, 2016, Boston, Massachusetts 236032, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Jose Maria Da-Rocha & Marina Mendes Tavares & Diego Restuccia, 2014. "Policy Distortions and Aggregate Productivity with Endogenous Establishment-Level Productivity," Working Papers tecipa-523, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    3. Frick, Fabian & Sauer, Johannes, 2016. "Deregulation And Productivity – Empirical Evidence On Dairy Production," 56th Annual Conference, Bonn, Germany, September 28-30, 2016 244884, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
    4. Daniel A. Sumner, 2014. "American Farms Keep Growing: Size, Productivity, and Policy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 28(1), pages 147-166, Winter.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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