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Real Effects of Crisis Have Reached CESEE Households: Euro Survey Shows Dampened Savings and Changes in Borrowing Behavior

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Abstract

Evidence from the 2009 fall wave of the OeNB Euro Survey in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) provides indications of the real effects that the economic downturn has had on CESEE households since the crisis arrived in the region. On the asset side, we find that the ability of households to save has been dampened, which may be explained, at least partly, by the fact that many households had to use the deposits they withdrew to finance their current expenses. On the liability side, we find that a substantial share of CESEE households indebted in foreign currency has already reacted to the crisis, be it by converting their loans, be it by renegotiating their credit terms. All in all, the overall degree of euroization of households’ financial assets has remained virtually unchanged throughout the crisis and can be expected to increase even further: euro deposits are perceived as increasingly attractive despite higher interest rates offered for deposits in local currency. At the same time, the crisis may have increased households’ perception of the exchange rate risk associated with foreign currency loans. As a consequence, the appetite for foreign currency loans may be expected to keep declining in the years ahead, which would go hand in hand with recent efforts on the regulatory side.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandra Dvorsky & Thomas Scheiber & Helmut Stix, 2010. "Real Effects of Crisis Have Reached CESEE Households: Euro Survey Shows Dampened Savings and Changes in Borrowing Behavior," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 2, pages 79-90.
  • Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbfi:y:2010:i:2:b:2
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    File URL: https://www.oenb.at/dam/jcr:33835f7f-50d1-4ad0-8d68-1929fef0c335/feei_2010_q2_studies_dvorsky_tcm16-193841.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Thomas Scheiber & Helmut Stix, 2009. "Euroization in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe – New Evidence On Its Extent and Some Evidence On Its Causes," Working Papers 159, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
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    Cited by:

    1. Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald & Thomas Scheiber, 2012. "Euro Cash in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 1, pages 41-55.
    2. Ewald Nowotny, 2011. "A Forward-looking View on Catching-up Strategies from an Austrian Angle," Chapters,in: Post-Crisis Growth and Integration in Europe, chapter 2 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Brown, Martin, 2013. "The transmission of banking crises to households : lessons from the 2008-2011 crises in the ECA region," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6528, The World Bank.
    4. repec:onb:oenbfi:y:2011:i:4:b:4 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Johannes Pann & Reinhardt Seliger & Julia Übeleis, 2010. "Foreign Currency Lending in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe: The Case of Austrian Banks," Financial Stability Report, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 20, pages 56-76.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Euroization; global financial crisis; portfolio decision; foreign currency loans;

    JEL classification:

    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises

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