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An Economic Miracle in the Post-Soviet Space: How Uzbekistan Managed to Achieve What No Other Post-Soviet State Has

Author

Listed:
  • Popov, V.

    (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia
    New Economic School, Moscow, Russia)

Abstract

Uzbekistan is not usually considered an economic success story, but in fact it is: its GDP increased since 1989 more than in any other post-communist country, except for China, Vietnam and Turkmenistan. The success of Uzbekistan is very much similar to the Chinese - gradual economic reforms with the preservation of the capacity of state institutions, good macroeconomic policy and export oriented industrial policy. What makes Uzbekistan unique is that no other former Soviet republic managed to follow this route. There are countries with healthy state finances and low inflation (most FSU states), there are some countries with reasonable state capacity (Baltics, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan), but there are no countries that keep undervalued exchange rate together with strong tax stimuli for export of manufactures. Uzbek example shows that such a policy pays off.

Suggested Citation

  • Popov, V., 2014. "An Economic Miracle in the Post-Soviet Space: How Uzbekistan Managed to Achieve What No Other Post-Soviet State Has," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 21(1), pages 136-159.
  • Handle: RePEc:nea:journl:y:2014:i:21:p:136-159
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hausmann, Ricardo & Rodrik, Dani, 2003. "Economic development as self-discovery," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 603-633, December.
    2. Ricardo Hausmann & Jason Hwang & Dani Rodrik, 2007. "What you export matters," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 1-25, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Popov, Vladimir, 2014. "Can Uzbekistan Economy Retain Its High Growth Rates? Scenarios of Economic Development in 2015-30," MPRA Paper 59735, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Oct 2014.
    2. Popov, V., 2015. "Can Uzbekistan Economy Retain Its High Growth Rate? Scenarios of Economic Development in 2015-2030," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 27(3), pages 163-181.
    3. Popov, V., 2014. "Industrial Policy - How to Choose Industries that Should Be Supported," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 22(2), pages 186-190.
    4. Popov, Vladimir & Chowdhury, Anis, 2015. "What Uzbekistan tells us about industrial policy that we did not know?," MPRA Paper 67013, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Shastitko, A., 2014. "Industrial and Competition Policy: from Theory to Practice of Interaction," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 22(2), pages 205-209.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    transition; growth; export orientation; industrial policy; Uzbekistan;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • P5 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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