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Determinants of winning and losing persistence in the Polish banking sector

Author

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  • Krzysztof Jackowicz

    () (Finance Department, Kozminski University (Akademia Leona Koźmińskiego w Warszawie))

Abstract

The article explores the reasons for winning and losing persistence in the Polish banking sector in the 1994–2005 period. It empirically verifies four hypotheses. They associate the performance persistence with market power, informational opacity, ownership structure, as well as with different operational and risk profiles of banks. Estimation of probit models led to the conclusion that in Poland market power related to the developed distribution channels and informational opacity make winning persistence more likely while preventing losing persistence from occurring. Furthermore, foreign-controlled banks have more chances to succeed repeatedly and avert subsequent failures. The picture of performance persistence in the Polish banking sector is biased by banks’ earnings management, especially by the avoidance of reporting small losses.

Suggested Citation

  • Krzysztof Jackowicz, 2009. "Determinants of winning and losing persistence in the Polish banking sector," Bank i Kredyt, Narodowy Bank Polski, vol. 40(3), pages 5-23.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbp:nbpbik:v:40:y:2009:i:3:p:5-23
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    File URL: http://www.bankikredyt.nbp.pl/content/2009/03/bik_03_2009_01_art.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Huij, Joop & Verbeek, Marno, 2007. "Cross-sectional learning and short-run persistence in mutual fund performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 973-997, March.
    2. Ioannides, Yannis M. & Overman, Henry G., 2003. "Zipf's law for cities: an empirical examination," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 127-137, March.
    3. Shrieves, Ronald E. & Dahl, Drew, 2003. "Discretionary accounting and the behavior of Japanese banks under financial duress," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(7), pages 1219-1243, July.
    4. Mariarosaria Agostino & Leone Leonida & Francesco Trivieri, 2005. "Profits persistence and ownership: evidence from the Italian banking sector," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(14), pages 1615-1621.
    5. Judith Chevalier & Glenn Ellison, 1999. "Are Some Mutual Fund Managers Better Than Others? Cross-Sectional Patterns in Behavior and Performance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 54(3), pages 875-899, June.
    6. Carhart, Mark M, 1997. " On Persistence in Mutual Fund Performance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(1), pages 57-82, March.
    7. Berger, Allen N. & Bonime, Seth D. & Covitz, Daniel M. & Hancock, Diana, 2000. "Why are bank profits so persistent? The roles of product market competition, informational opacity, and regional/macroeconomic shocks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(7), pages 1203-1235, July.
    8. Michelle Clark Neely & David C. Wheelock, 1997. "Why does bank performance vary across states?," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Mar, pages 27-40.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Dariusz Filip, 2011. "Performance Persistence of Equity Funds in Hungary," Contemporary Economics, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, vol. 5(1), March.
    2. Jackowicz, Krzysztof & Kowalewski, Oskar & Kozłowski, Łukasz, 2013. "The influence of political factors on commercial banks in Central European countries," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 759-777.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    performance persistence; banking system; emerging markets;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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