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Knowledge Resources and Competitive Advantage


  • Doris Gomezelj Omerzel

    (University of Primorska, Slovenia.)

  • Rune Ellemose Gulev

    (University of Applied Sciences, Kiel, Germany)


The paper discusses some definitions of knowledge as a potential source of competitive advantage. It reviews the literature pertaining to the assessment of knowledge assets. According to the resource-based view, which links the competitive advantage of organizations with resources and capabilities that are firm-specific, and difficult to imitate or substitute, a firm’s competitive advantage is built on a set of strategically relevant resources (Barney 1991; Grant 1991; Peteraf 1993). When firms have access to similar resources, it is those companies that are able to maximize the utilization of those resources that attain a competitive advantage. Among various strategic resources and capabilities that help determine the extent of competitive advantages, a pivotal role is often assigned to knowledge – as both a resource in itself and an integrating factor that makes other resources and capabilities effective – especially in complex and dynamic environments.

Suggested Citation

  • Doris Gomezelj Omerzel & Rune Ellemose Gulev, 2011. "Knowledge Resources and Competitive Advantage," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 9(4 (Winter), pages 335-354.
  • Handle: RePEc:mgt:youmgt:v:9:y:2011:i:4:p:335-354

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lynne G. Zucker & Michael R. Darby & Marilynn B. Brewer, 1994. "Intellectual Capital and the Birth of U.S. Biotechnology Enterprises," NBER Working Papers 4653, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Baldwin, John R. & Gellatly, Guy, 2006. "Innovation Capabilities: The Knowledge Capital Behind the Survival and Growth of Firms," The Canadian Economy in Transition 2006013e, Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis Division.
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    1. repec:wsi:jikmxx:v:16:y:2017:i:03:n:s0219649217500228 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    knowledge; competitiveness; firm performance; knowledge-based theory;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship


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