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Finanszírozási szerkezet és tulajdonforma
[Financing structure and ownership form]

Author

Listed:
  • Ábel, István
  • Öcsi, Béla

Abstract

A vállalatok tulajdonosi szerkezetének megváltozása a piacgazdasági átmenet meghatározó folyamata. A sikeresség egyik mércéje lehet annak összehasonlítása, hogy jelenleg milyen különbségek tapasztalhatók a különféle tulajdonosi struktúrával működő vállalatok között. Tanulmányunk célja a forrásszerkezetben meglevő különbségek feltárása volt. Azt kerestük, hogy milyen faktorok magyarázzák a vállalatok tőkeáttételének, idegen forrásai összetételének, valamint hitelhez jutási lehetőségeinek eltéréseit; és ezen belül mennyire jelentős a tulajdoni szerkezet szerepe a magyarázó változók közt. Empirikus vizsgálatunk során arra a következtetésre jutottunk, hogy a piacgazdasági átmenet már 1995-ben jelentősen előrehaladt. Bár ekkor még elevenen hatottak az állami tulajdonnal kapcsolatos fenntartások, a gyakorlatban az állami és a magánvállalatok lényegében ugyanazon piac erőinek voltak alárendelve; viselkedési, valamint alkalmazkodási jellemzőik is hasonlóak voltak már. A különféle tulajdoni struktúrájú vállalatok közti, a tőkeszerkezetben meglévő különbségek jelen vannak ugyan, de egyre kevésbé meghatározók a finanszírozás terén. Az állami és a magáncégek forráshoz jutási lehetőségeiben és finanszírozási politikájában tapasztalható eltérések csökkentek.

Suggested Citation

  • Ábel, István & Öcsi, Béla, 1999. "Finanszírozási szerkezet és tulajdonforma
    [Financing structure and ownership form]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(10), pages 888-904.
  • Handle: RePEc:ksa:szemle:276
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Barbone, Luca & Marchetti, Jr., Domenico & Paternostro, Stefano, 1996. "Structural adjustment, ownership transformation, and size in Polish industry," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1624, The World Bank.
    2. Stewart C. Myers & Nicholas S. Majluf, 1984. "Corporate Financing and Investment Decisions When Firms Have InformationThat Investors Do Not Have," NBER Working Papers 1396, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicholas S., 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 187-221, June.
    4. David Begg & Richard Portes, 1993. "Enterprise debt and economic transformation (Financial restructuring of the state sector in Central and Eastern Europe)," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 1(1), pages 116-117, January.
    5. Brito, Paulo & Mello, Antonio S., 1995. "Financial constraints and firm post-entry performance," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 543-565, December.
    6. Myers, Stewart C. & Majluf, Nicolás S., 1945-, 1984. "Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have," Working papers 1523-84., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    7. Harris, Milton & Raviv, Artur, 1991. " The Theory of Capital Structure," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 46(1), pages 297-355, March.
    8. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
    9. Myers, Stewart C., 1984. "Capital structure puzzle," Working papers 1548-84., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
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    12. Douglas Gale & Martin Hellwig, 1985. "Incentive-Compatible Debt Contracts: The One-Period Problem," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(4), pages 647-663.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out
    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions
    • P34 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Finance
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity

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