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Legal Treatment of Abuse of Dominance in Indian Competition Law: Adopting an Effects-Based Approach


  • Payal Malik

    () (Competition Commission of India
    University of Delhi)

  • Neha Malhotra

    () (Nathan Economic Consulting India Private Limited)

  • Ramji Tamarappoo

    () (Nathan Economic Consulting India Private Limited
    Nathan Associates Inc.)

  • Nisha Kaur Uberoi

    () (Competition Law Practice, Trilegal)


Abuse of dominance investigations around the world are often form-based, primarily centred on the pre-requisite of dominance. This may lead to false positives or restrict innovation in today’s dynamic and complex markets. Accordingly, abuse of dominance enforcement requires a shift towards adopting an effects-based approach, weighing pro and anticompetitive effects and considering efficiency justifications. The European Union is increasingly moving in this direction, as is demonstrated by its case law that is analysed in this paper. The paper also explores competition law in India—traditionally a form-based jurisdiction for abuse of dominance investigations—and finds an encouraging trend towards an effects-based approach.

Suggested Citation

  • Payal Malik & Neha Malhotra & Ramji Tamarappoo & Nisha Kaur Uberoi, 2019. "Legal Treatment of Abuse of Dominance in Indian Competition Law: Adopting an Effects-Based Approach," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 54(2), pages 435-464, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:revind:v:54:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s11151-018-9651-y
    DOI: 10.1007/s11151-018-9651-y

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Frédéric Marty, 2014. "Towards an Economics of Convention-based Approach of the European Competition Policy," GREDEG Working Papers 2014-06, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France.
    2. Jordi Gual & Anne Perrot & Michele Polo & Patrick Rey & Klaus Schmidt & Rune Stenbacka, 2006. "An Economic Approach to Article 82," CPI Journal, Competition Policy International, vol. 2.
    3. E. Glen Weyl, 2010. "A Price Theory of Multi-sided Platforms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(4), pages 1642-1672, September.
    4. Flavio Felice & Massimiliano Vatiero, 2014. "Ordo and European Competition Law," Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology, in: Luca Fiorito (ed.),A Research Annual, volume 32, pages 147-157, Emerald Publishing Ltd.
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