Welfare, Intergenerational Cohabitation Penalties, and Single Mothers’ Employment
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 changed welfare programs by increasing state income maintenance programs’ emphasis on employment. Following reform, several states paid reduced welfare benefits to single mothers who resided in their parents’ homes, compared to those single mothers who lived independently. This paper evaluates whether the benefit reductions lower the probability of intergenerational cohabitation or the employment of single mothers’ recognizing that family support might facilitate single mothers’ labor market attachment. The results suggest that family cohabitation penalties reduce the likelihood single mothers live in their parents’ households and work. Despite several empirical limitations, the results offer evidence that intergenerational living arrangements positively influence employment. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Hilary Williamson Hoynes, 1995.
"Does Welfare Play Any Role in Female Headship Decisions?,"
NBER Working Papers
5149, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- H. W. Hoynes, . "Does welfare play any role in female headship decisions?," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1078-95, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
- Amy G. Cox & Anne R. Pebley, 1999. "Grandparent Care and Welfare: Assessing the Impact of Public Policy on Split and Three Generation Families," Working Papers 99-08, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
- Robert F. Schoeni, 2000.
"Does Unemployment Insurance Displace Familiar Assistance?,"
00-05, RAND Corporation Publications Department.
- Schoeni, Robert F, 2002. " Does Unemployment Insurance Displace Familial Assistance?," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 110(1-2), pages 99-119, January.
- Marianne P. Bitler & Jonah B. Gelbach & Hilary W. Hoynes, 2002. "The Impact of Welfare Reform on Living Arrangements," NBER Working Papers 8784, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Cox, A.G. & Pebley, A.R., 1999. "Grandparent Care and Welfare: Assessing the Impact of Public Policy on Split and Three Generation Families," Papers 99-08, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
- Schoeni, R-F, 1996. "Does Aid to Families with Dependent Children Displace Familial Assistance?," Papers 96-12, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:kap:reveho:v:3:y:2005:i:2:p:123-144. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla)or (Christopher F. Baum)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.