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Public Health Institutions, Clinical Research and Protection System of Patients’ Rights: An Impact Evaluation of Public Policy

Author

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  • Roberto Ippoliti

    ()

  • Greta Falavigna

    ()

Abstract

Public health institutions are involved in human experimentations, which is a specific phase of pharmaceutical industry’s production process. These medical centers collect clinical evidence about experimental treatments and, at the same time, they have to guarantee patients’ safety through appropriate Institutional Review Boards. Taking human experimentation into account, this work aims at estimating a public policy designed to reduce transaction costs that are related to the protection system of patients’ rights, with both a normative and positive approach. On the one hand, considering a sample of European countries as counterfactual, an empirical analysis is performed in order to estimate the impact of a national law aimed at harmonizing the procedure to obtain opinions on clinical trials. On the other hand, an alternative law, which might be able to favor the exchange between pharmaceutical companies and patients, is proposed. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Ippoliti & Greta Falavigna, 2014. "Public Health Institutions, Clinical Research and Protection System of Patients’ Rights: An Impact Evaluation of Public Policy," Public Organization Review, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 109-125, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:porgrv:v:14:y:2014:i:2:p:109-125
    DOI: 10.1007/s11115-012-0208-5
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s11115-012-0208-5
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Williamson, Oliver, 2009. "The Theory of the Firm as Governance Structure: From Choice to Contract," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 6, pages 111-134, December.
    2. Williamson, Oliver E, 1979. "Transaction-Cost Economics: The Governance of Contractural Relations," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 22(2), pages 233-261, October.
    3. Roberto Ippoliti, 2013. "The market of human experimentation," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 61-85, February.
    4. Joseph Hilbe, 1994. "Negative binomial regression," Stata Technical Bulletin, StataCorp LP, vol. 3(18).
    5. Coase, R H, 1988. "The Nature of the Firm: Influence," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 33-47, Spring.
    6. Oliver E. Williamson, 2008. "Corporate Boards of Directors: In Principle and in Practice," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(2), pages 247-272, October.
    7. repec:mes:jeciss:v:30:y:1996:i:4:p:1212-1216 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Public policy; Public health organizations; Transaction costs; International Review Boards (IRB); Clinical research; I18 (Government Policy Regulation; Public Health); L51 (Economics of Regulation);

    JEL classification:

    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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