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Ownership Structure and Insider Trading: Evidence from China

Author

Listed:
  • Qing He

    () (Renmin University of China)

  • Oliver M. Rui

    () (China Europe International Business School)

Abstract

Abstract In this paper, we examine the information content of insider transactions in China and analyze how ownership structures shape market reaction to these transactions. We find that the cumulative abnormal return (CAR) to insider purchases is a convex function of the percentage of shares owned by the largest shareholder. Further, the CAR to insider purchases is lower when the largest shareholder is government-related, or when the control rights of the largest shareholder exceed its cash flow rights. We also find that the market reaction to insider purchases is more positive for firms audited by Big4 auditors. However, we do not find a significant relationship between an ownership structure and the market reaction to insider sales. Our results are remarkably robust to alternative model specifications, corporate insider identities, and recent corporate news releases on price-sensitive events. Finally, we show that market reaction to insider purchases is larger for firms with less severe expropriations, as captured by the use of other receivables.

Suggested Citation

  • Qing He & Oliver M. Rui, 2016. "Ownership Structure and Insider Trading: Evidence from China," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 134(4), pages 553-574, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jbuset:v:134:y:2016:i:4:d:10.1007_s10551-014-2384-4
    DOI: 10.1007/s10551-014-2384-4
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Douglas Cumming & Wenxuan Hou & Edward Lee, 2016. "Business Ethics and Finance in Greater China: Synthesis and Future Directions in Sustainability, CSR, and Fraud," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 138(4), pages 601-626, November.
    2. He, Qing & Qian, Zongxin & Fei, Zhe & Chong, Terence Tai Leung, 2016. "Do Speculative Bubbles Migrate in the Chinese Stock Market?," MPRA Paper 80575, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. He, Qing & Huang, Jiyuan & Li, Dongxu & Lu, Liping, 2016. "Banks as corporate monitors: Evidence from CEO turnovers in China," BOFIT Discussion Papers 19/2016, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Insider trading; Ownership structure; Audit quality; China;

    JEL classification:

    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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