IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Do more open countries have a higher growth rate but more inequality?


  • Zaki Eusufzai


While other researchers have examined the effect of outward orientation on economic growth, this paper examines the relationship between outward orientation and 21 measures of economic development using data from 88 developing countries. An attempt is made to answer the question: Does outward orientation result in positive economic growth at the expense of higher income inequality, a higher poverty rate, and other harmful effects on economic development measures? The results show that there is, in the net, a positive correlation between openness and measures of economic development. Second, while outward orientation affects economic growth positively and the higher economic growth in turn leads to a higher level of economic development, there is weak evidence that there are additional direct, negative effects of outward orientation on economic development measures. Copyright International Atlantic Economic Society 1998

Suggested Citation

  • Zaki Eusufzai, 1998. "Do more open countries have a higher growth rate but more inequality?," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 26(1), pages 32-43, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:atlecj:v:26:y:1998:i:1:p:32-43
    DOI: 10.1007/BF02298369

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Johnson, James P. & Lenartowicz, Tomasz, 1998. "Culture, freedom and economic growth: Do cultural values explain economic growth?," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 332-356, January.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:kap:atlecj:v:26:y:1998:i:1:p:32-43. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla) or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.