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The demonetization of gold: transactions and the change in control


  • Thomas Quint
  • Martin Shubik



Three models of a monetary economy are considered, in order to show the effects of a gold demonetization: the first with a gold money, the second with demonetized gold but no central bank, and the third with demonetized gold, but with a central bank. The distinctions between ownership and control are discussed. Our results show a gain in efficiency (in the case of “enough money”) when a switch is made from a durable commodity money to a fiat money. This is due to players being able to enjoy both the full service value of gold and transactions value of money—something that cannot be done in the original model with gold money. When we further add in the central bank, there is a somewhat further efficiency gain in the case of “not enough money”. We close the paper with a discussion of the usefulness of central banks. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Quint & Martin Shubik, 2015. "The demonetization of gold: transactions and the change in control," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 109-149, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:annfin:v:11:y:2015:i:1:p:109-149 DOI: 10.1007/s10436-013-0247-0

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sorin, Sylvain, 1996. "Strategic Market Games with Exchange Rates," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 431-446, May.
    2. Martin Shubik, 2000. "The Theory of Money," Working Papers 00-03-021, Santa Fe Institute.
    3. Thomas Quint & Martin Shubik, 2009. "Multistage Models of Monetary Exchange: An Elementary Discussion of Commodity Money, Fiat Money and Credit, Part 4," The IUP Journal of Monetary Economics, IUP Publications, vol. 0(1), pages 6-67, February.
    4. Dubey, Pradeep & Shapley, Lloyd S., 1994. "Noncooperative general exchange with a continuum of traders: Two models," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 253-293, May.
    5. Dubey, Pradeep & Mas-Colell, Andreau & Shubik, Martin, 1980. "Efficiency properties of strategies market games: An axiomatic approach," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 339-362, April.
    6. Martin Angerer & Juergen Huber & Martin Shubik & Shyam Sunder, 2010. "An economy with personal currency: theory and experimental evidence," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 475-509, October.
    7. Sahi, Siddhartha & Yao, Shuntian, 1989. "The non-cooperative equilibria of a trading economy with complete markets and consistent prices," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 325-346, September.
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    More about this item


    Central bank; Demonetization of gold; Gold merchants; Gold strips; Strategic market game; C72; E50; E58;

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies


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