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Inner-Outer Lane Advantage in Olympic 1000 Meter Speed Skating


  • Kuper Gerard H.

    () (Department of Economics, Econometrics and Finance, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands)

  • Kamst Richard


  • Sierksma Gerard


  • Talsma Bertus G.

    () (Department of Operations, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands)


During the Olympic Games and the World Championships Single Distances the 1000m is skated by every skater only one time. However, there may be a difference in skating a 1000m race with a start in the inner and the outer lane that introduces an externality that introduces unfairness. We show that this difference indeed exists. For the period 2000-2009 we observe a statistically significant advantage of starting in the inner lane of 0.120 seconds for women. For male skater the difference between starting lanes is 0.030, but not significantly different from zero. In order to make the competition fair, we suggest that the 1000m should be skated twice.

Suggested Citation

  • Kuper Gerard H. & Kamst Richard & Sierksma Gerard & Talsma Bertus G., 2012. "Inner-Outer Lane Advantage in Olympic 1000 Meter Speed Skating," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 232(3), pages 293-307, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:232:y:2012:i:3:p:293-307

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kuper, Gerard H. & Sterken, Elmer, 2004. "Do skin suits increase average skating speed?," CCSO Working Papers 200404, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research.
    2. Richard Kamst & Gerard H. Kuper & Gerard Sierksma, 2010. "The Olympic 500-m speed skating; the inner-outer lane difference," Statistica Neerlandica, Netherlands Society for Statistics and Operations Research, vol. 64(4), pages 448-459.
    3. Kuper, Gerard H. & Sterken, Elmer, 2003. "Endurance in speed skating: The development of world records," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 148(2), pages 293-301, July.
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