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International Standards and National Specificities in Large Economies: USA, China and EU

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  • VOLINTIRU Mihai

Abstract

International Standards have seen for the past decades one of the most pronounced increases in adoption and usage across the globe. As International Standards become not only an indicator of the quality of economic processes deployed, their spread signals the level of integration in the world markets as they align to common practices. In this paper, I explore the dynamics of International Standards’ adoption over the past decade, and the way in which these have been developed and adopted. I focus especially on regional differences, in the case studies of the largest economies today: USA, China and the EU. I show how sometimes national standards prevail over international standards, and how this is an instrumental tactics for meeting protectionist objectives. A specific case study in the field of international standardization studies the medical standards that benefit from the additional oversight of an International Organization (i.e. World Health Organization (WHO)). WHO has provided unitary guidelines of implementation across the globe, and has furthered significantly the homogeneity in this particular field.

Suggested Citation

  • VOLINTIRU Mihai, 2017. "International Standards and National Specificities in Large Economies: USA, China and EU," European Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, Bucharest Economic Academy, issue 02, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:jis:ejistu:y:2017:i:02:id:423
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Greenstein,Shane & Stango,Victor (ed.), 2006. "Standards and Public Policy," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521864503.
    2. Knut Blind, 2004. "The Economics of Standards," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 3392.
    3. Blind, Knut & Mangelsdorf, Axel & Pohlisch, Jakob, 2018. "The effects of cooperation in accreditation on international trade: Empirical evidence on ISO 9000 certifications," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 198(C), pages 50-59.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Standards; globalization; developed economies; USA; China; EU;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L15 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Information and Product Quality
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

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