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Search Engine Advertising: Channel Substitution When Pricing Ads to Context

Author

Listed:
  • Avi Goldfarb

    () (Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6, Canada)

  • Catherine Tucker

    () (MIT Sloan School of Management, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142)

Abstract

We explore substitution patterns across advertising platforms. Using data on the advertising prices paid by lawyers for 139 Google search terms in 195 locations, we exploit a natural experiment in "ambulance-chaser" regulations across states. When lawyers cannot contact clients by mail, advertising prices per click for search engine advertisements are 5%-7% higher. Therefore, online advertising substitutes for offline advertising. This substitution toward online advertising is strongest in markets with fewer customers, suggesting that the relationship between the online and offline media is mediated by the marketers' need to target their communications. This paper was accepted by Pradeep Chintagunta, marketing.

Suggested Citation

  • Avi Goldfarb & Catherine Tucker, 2011. "Search Engine Advertising: Channel Substitution When Pricing Ads to Context," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 57(3), pages 458-470, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:inm:ormnsc:v:57:y:2011:i:3:p:458-470
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.1100.1287
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    References listed on IDEAS

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