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Discrepancies in Human Development Index Values


  • Maria-Lenuta Ciupac-Ulici

    () (IPAG Business School Paris, France and Commercial Academy Satu Mare, Romania)


Purpose: Development was identified as being an economic growth over a long period in economic literature. So, the best statistical measure that indicates the economic performance of a country, respectively allows for a cross-country comparison (for example, a comparison between the rich and the poor countries, the developed and the developing countries), and similar classification with respect to gross national income per capita (GNI per capita expressed in purchasing power parity), appears to be the human development index. Methodology: This index transposes into a synthetic substituent of the three indicators presented before, it measures the relative distance that separates each country of the world by the targets considered to be priority not so far, but especially in the future, either: a long and healthy life, a free access to the acquisition of knowledge and, not least, a level of income to ensure a decent standard of living, which would be preferable to be on the world's average level of gross national income per capita. Findings: The index was published for the first time in 1990; when the first report was prepared by the team led by Pakistani economist MahbubulHaq This article aims to analyze the proportion of the three indicators on the continental level on 160 countries. Recommendations: Policy recommendations are made.

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  • Maria-Lenuta Ciupac-Ulici, 2015. "Discrepancies in Human Development Index Values," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 3(8), pages 389-404, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijr:journl:v:3:y:2015:i:8:p:389-404

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Arouri, Mohamed & Teulon, Frédéric & Rault, Christophe, 2013. "Equity risk premium and regional integration," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 79-85.
    2. Guesmi, Khaled & Teulon, Frederic & Muzaffar, Ahmed Taneem, 2014. "The evolution of risk premium as a measure for intra-regional equity market integration," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 13-19.
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    More about this item


    Human Development Index; Education; Income; Life Expectancy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production


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