Captive offshoring by US multinationals: measuring the domestic employment impacts of vertical FDI
The complex nature of â€˜international outsourcingâ€™ makes it difficult to quantify its employment and broader impacts on national economies. Indeed, available evidence on the extent of â€˜offshoringâ€™ by US firms is scant, rendering analyses of its economic impacts as largely unreliable. Attempts to gauge its domestic employment effects have been limited both by definitional problems and data limitations, even when the immeasurable dimensions of offshoring are ignored. This work offers a quantitative assessment of the importance of â€˜captive offshoringâ€™ in relation to the entire US economy. Using government data that report foreign affiliate sales back to US parents, we provide â€˜back of the envelopeâ€™ estimates of the domestic employment effects of vertically motivated foreign direct investment. Although this trend has accelerated most rapidly within the services sector, the findings suggest that â€˜high-techâ€™ manufacturing industries are a major and growing source of job loss.
Volume (Year): 4 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1/2 ()
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