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Nafta and Mexico’s Economic Growth from a Gender Perspective


  • Luis Rene Caceres


This paper investigates the dynamics of Mexico’s economy after the signing of the NAFTA treaty. It is reported that Mexico, the United States and Canada have experienced low rates of economic growth as a result of the deindustrialization processes they have undergone, which has been a consequence of the tariff reductions. Tariff reduction has also affected employment, especially female industrial employment, with adverse consequences on domestic savings, trade balance and economic growth. Additional analysis is related to cointegration tests of the employment ratios, as well as to the existence of principal components among the three countries’ employment to population ratios. The paper investigates the effects of declining employment to population ratios in the three countries, reporting that in Mexico female employment has increased to compensate the declining tendencies of labor productivity and male employment ratio. The paper ends with a proposal regarding the launching of the North American Social and Dignity Pact.

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  • Luis Rene Caceres, 2021. "Nafta and Mexico’s Economic Growth from a Gender Perspective," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 13(12), pages 1-90, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibn:ijefaa:v:13:y:2021:i:12:p:90

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General


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