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Okun’S Law In Malaysia: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag (Ardl) Approach With Hodrick-Prescott (Hp) Filter


  • Ngoo Yee Ting

    () (Universiti Tun Abdul Razak)

  • Loi Siew Ling

    () (University Putra Malaysia)


Okun’s Law has present in most of the European countries. It explained the negative relationship between output growth and unemployment rate. It has been a norm for the existence of the negative relationship between output growth and unemployment. The impact of high unemployment rate is direct, right after the recession or the decrease of output growth. It is therefore important to discover the effect of the relationship because from there, we will be able to effectively determine the suitable policy. This paper tends to examine the existence of Okun’s relationship in terms of Malaysia context using a rather new econometric approach. The relationship is measured by applying the first difference and gap model with Hodrick-Prescott filter (HP filter), furthered with Autogressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) to determine the co-integration between the variables and their causality. The main reason of applying ARDL is because of the small sample of data and it’s applicability on the order of integration, which is regardless even if the regressors are stationary. Additional to that, the method enables us to find the relationship between unemployment and output without determining the natural rate of output nor natural rate of unemployment

Suggested Citation

  • Ngoo Yee Ting & Loi Siew Ling, 2011. "Okun’S Law In Malaysia: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag (Ardl) Approach With Hodrick-Prescott (Hp) Filter," Journal of Global Business and Economics, Global Research Agency, vol. 2(1), pages 95-103, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:grg:01biss:v:2:y:2011:i:1:p:95-103

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Prachowny, Martin F J, 1993. "Okun's Law: Theoretical Foundations and Revised Estimates," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(2), pages 331-336, May.
    2. M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 289-326.
    3. Weber, Christian E, 1995. "Cyclical Output, Cyclical Unemployment, and Okun's Coefficient: A New Approach," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(4), pages 433-445, Oct.-Dec..
    4. Edward S. Knotek & II, 2007. "How useful is Okun's law?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q IV, pages 73-103.
    5. Stacey L. Schreft & Aarti Singh, 2003. "A closer look at jobless recoveries," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, issue Q II, pages 45-73.
    6. Vougas, Dimitrios V., 2003. "Unemployment in Greece," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 107-112, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. alamro, Hassan & Al-dalaien, Qusay, 2014. "Modeling the relationship between GDP and unemployment for Okun’s law specific to Jordan," MPRA Paper 55302, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Okun’s Law; Difference-gap model; HP filter; ARDL; causal relationship;

    JEL classification:

    • M - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics


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