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Balancing Economic Development and Environmental Conservation for a New Governance of Alpine Areas

Author

Listed:
  • Maria Giulia Cantiani

    () (Department of Civil Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, Trento 38123, Italy)

  • Clemens Geitner

    () (Institute of Geography, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria)

  • Christine Haida

    () (AlpS GmbH, Innsbruck A-6020, Austria)

  • Federica Maino

    () (Institute for Regional Development and Location Management—European Academy of Bolzano/Bozen (EURAC), Viale Druso, 1, Bolzano/Bozen 39100, Italy)

  • Clara Tattoni

    () (Department of Civil Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, Trento 38123, Italy)

  • Daniele Vettorato

    () (Institute for Regional Development and Location Management—European Academy of Bolzano/Bozen (EURAC), Viale Druso, 1, Bolzano/Bozen 39100, Italy
    Institute for Renewable Energy—European Academy of Bolzano/Bozen (EURAC), Viale Druso, 1, Bolzano/Bozen 39100, Italy)

  • Marco Ciolli

    () (Department of Civil Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, Trento 38123, Italy)

Abstract

In the Alpine environment, Man has always been directly dependent on mountain ecosystems. Social mechanisms have created specific models of governance, capable of assuring the persistence of ecosystems and their capacity to provide essential goods and services. In recent decades, however, dramatic changes have occurred, such as climate change and changes in land use. The complexity common to all linked human-natural environment systems is extremely marked in the Alpine areas and this makes it difficult to understand how resilient these systems may be. Many research questions arise, in particular as to the comprehension and quantification of the impact of changes on the capacity of ecosystems to produce goods and services in a sustainable way, and the possibility of local mechanisms of governance to adapt to both current and future changes. Reasons and effects of change are analysed from the perspective of the specific issues of governance. The importance of the Ecosystems Services (ESs) concept is acknowledged and the necessity for a dynamic assessment of ESs, taking into account people’s values and expectations, is particularly stressed. Through a careful analysis of selected papers and case studies, the main gaps in current knowledge are identified and directions for further research are provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Giulia Cantiani & Clemens Geitner & Christine Haida & Federica Maino & Clara Tattoni & Daniele Vettorato & Marco Ciolli, 2016. "Balancing Economic Development and Environmental Conservation for a New Governance of Alpine Areas," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(8), pages 1-19, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:8:p:802-:d:75961
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Stephen Polasky & Erik Nelson & Derric Pennington & Kris Johnson, 2011. "The Impact of Land-Use Change on Ecosystem Services, Biodiversity and Returns to Landowners: A Case Study in the State of Minnesota," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 48(2), pages 219-242, February.
    2. Grilli, Gianluca & Jonkisz, Jaroslaw & Ciolli, Marco & Lesinski, Jerzy, 2016. "Mixed forests and ecosystem services: Investigating stakeholders' perceptions in a case study in the Polish Carpathians," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 11-17.
    3. Riera, Pere & Signorello, Giovanni & Thiene, Mara & Mahieu, Pierre-Alexandre & Navrud, Ståle & Kaval, Pamela & Rulleau, Benedicte & Mavsar, Robert & Madureira, Lívia & Meyerhoff, Jürgen & Elsasser, Pe, 2012. "Non-market valuation of forest goods and services: Good practice guidelines," Journal of Forest Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 259-270.
    4. Boyd, James & Banzhaf, Spencer, 2007. "What are ecosystem services? The need for standardized environmental accounting units," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2-3), pages 616-626, August.
    5. Sacchelli, Sandro & De Meo, Isabella & Paletto, Alessandro, 2013. "Bioenergy production and forest multifunctionality: A trade-off analysis using multiscale GIS model in a case study in Italy," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 10-20.
    6. Uwe R. Fritsche & Leire Iriarte & Johnny Jong & Alessandro Agostini & Nicolae Scarlat, 2014. "Extending the EU Renewable Energy Directive sustainability criteria to solid bioenergy from forests," Natural Resources Forum, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 0(2), pages 129-140, May.
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    8. Farcy, Christine & Devillez, Freddy, 2005. "New orientations of forest management planning from an historical perspective of the relations between man and nature," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 85-95, January.
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    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:9:p:3358-:d:170948 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    governance; sustainable development; landscape scale; ecosystem services; decisions support systems; public participation; Alps;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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