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Economic Analysis of Climate Variability Impact on Malaria Prevalence: The Case of Ghana

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  • Wisdom Akpalu

    () (Farmingdale State College, State University of New York, 2350 Broadhollow Road, Farmingdale, NY 11735, USA
    Center for Environmental Economics Research & Consultancy (CEERAC), P. O. Box CS 9379, Tema, Ghana)

  • Samuel Nii Ardey Codjoe

    () (Regional Institute for Population Studies (RIPS), University of Ghana, P. O. Box LG 96, Legon, Ghana)

Abstract

A number of studies exist on the relationship between climatic factors and malaria prevalence. However, due to scarcity of data, most of the studies are based on biophysical experiments and do not control for socioeconomic covariates. This research, which uses data on Ghana, contributes to the thin literature that addresses this limitation. We found that humidity and rainfall predict malaria prevalence. Furthermore, our results suggest that malaria prevalence increases with rainfall, the proportion of middle income households, and the proportion of households with no formal education. The corresponding elasticity coefficients are 0.67, 0.12 and 0.66, respectively. Significant differences in the prevalence rate have also been observed across regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Wisdom Akpalu & Samuel Nii Ardey Codjoe, 2013. "Economic Analysis of Climate Variability Impact on Malaria Prevalence: The Case of Ghana," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(10), pages 1-17, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:5:y:2013:i:10:p:4362-4378:d:29622
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Yilma, Zelalem & van Kempen, Luuk & de Hoop, Thomas, 2012. "A perverse ‘net’ effect? Health insurance and ex-ante moral hazard in Ghana," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 75(1), pages 138-147.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    malaria prevalence; climate change; granger-causality; maximum entropy; Ghana;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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