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The Race for Evolutionary Success

Author

Listed:
  • Bruce Tonn

    () (Department of Political Science, University of Tennessee—Knoxville, McClung Tower, Room 1018, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA)

  • Dorian Stiefel

    () (Department of Political Science, University of Tennessee—Knoxville, McClung Tower, Room 1001, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA)

Abstract

The Earth appears to be at the beginning of sixth massive species extinction. This paper balances a review of the forces threatening species survival with a comprehensive scan of factors that could act as counterweights. These factors could lead to four types of evolution—cultural, regulatory, ecological, and technological—that could individually or in combination avert massive species extinction if humans implement solutions faster than new problems arise. Implications and future research opportunities are also explored.

Suggested Citation

  • Bruce Tonn & Dorian Stiefel, 2012. "The Race for Evolutionary Success," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(8), pages 1-19, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:8:p:1787-1805:d:19450
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Weerawardena, Jay & McDonald, Robert E. & Mort, Gillian Sullivan, 2010. "Sustainability of nonprofit organizations: An empirical investigation," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 45(4), pages 346-356, October.
    2. Seema Dave, 2011. "Neighbourhood density and social sustainability in cities of developing countries," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(3), pages 189-205, May/June.
    3. John Toye, 2009. "Development with dearer food: Can the invisible hand guide us?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(6), pages 757-764.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    environmental scanning; extinction; evolution; cultural evolution; behavioral evolution; regulatory evolution; policy evolution; ecological evolution; biological evolution; technological evolution;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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