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EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement: Potential Impacts on Rural Livelihoods and Gender (with Focus on Bio-fuels Feedstock Expansion)

Author

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  • Leonith Hinojosa

    () (School of Environment and Development, Brooks World Poverty Institute and Impact Assessment Research Centre, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK)

Abstract

The trade-sustainable impact assessment of the European Union-Mercosur trade agreement found that the economic impact of the trade liberalisation scenario could be positive in the agricultural sectors of Mercosur countries. However, it also found that the social and environmental impacts would be mixed and potentially detrimental. This paper addresses the likely effects on the livelihoods of vulnerable rural populations. It argues that the potential impacts can be analysed within a diversified livelihood strategies framework, which is expanded to include institutional and policy factors. It concludes that the negative expected impact responds to the highly uneven access to capital assets. On the other hand, the effects are not generalised to all Mercosur countries, nor to all regions in each of the member countries. Enhancing or mitigating measures refer to the importance of sequencing and regulation to improve disadvantaged groups‘ abilities to participate in trade-led agricultural intensification or industrialisation processes.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonith Hinojosa, 2009. "EU-Mercosur Trade Agreement: Potential Impacts on Rural Livelihoods and Gender (with Focus on Bio-fuels Feedstock Expansion)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 1(4), pages 1-24, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:1:y:2009:i:4:p:1120-1143:d:6311
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Joaquin De Cea & J. Enrique Fernandez & Louis De Grange, 2007. "Combined Models with Hierarchical Demand Choices: A Multi‐Objective Entropy Optimization Approach," Transport Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(4), pages 415-438, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    sustainable impact assessment; livelihoods; bio-fuels; gender; Mercosur;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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