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Valuing Protected Areas: Socioeconomic Determinants of the Willingness to Pay for the National Park


  • Adam Zydroń

    (Department of Land Improvement, Environmental Development and Geodesy, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 60-649 Poznań, Poland)

  • Krzysztof Szoszkiewicz

    (Department of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 60-649 Poznań, Poland)

  • Cyprian Chwiałkowski

    (Department of Land Improvement, Environmental Development and Geodesy, Poznań University of Life Sciences, 60-649 Poznań, Poland)


The study aimed at estimating the variability of perception of the Wielkopolski National Park (WNP) value among different groups of society. The study was based on questionnaires conducted in 2018. Analyses were carried out on the basis of 1350 records. The results of the survey were subjected to statistical analysis using the canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) and the analysis of variance. The study revealed that the relation with the natural environment significantly differs among various groups of society. The application of diverse analytical tools in relation to the survey data allowed for the quantification of that diversity. The relationship between the economic situation of respondents and their willingness to pay for nature conservation is non-linear.

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  • Adam Zydroń & Krzysztof Szoszkiewicz & Cyprian Chwiałkowski, 2021. "Valuing Protected Areas: Socioeconomic Determinants of the Willingness to Pay for the National Park," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(2), pages 1-11, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:2:p:765-:d:480422

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    4. Louinord Voltaire & Claudio Pirrone & Denis Bailly, 2013. "Dealing with preference uncertainty in contingent willingness to pay for a nature protection program: A new approach," Post-Print hal-00835710, HAL.
    5. Adams, Cristina & Seroa da Motta, Ronaldo & Ortiz, Ramón Arigoni & Reid, John & Ebersbach Aznar, Cristina & de Almeida Sinisgalli, Paulo Antonio, 2008. "The use of contingent valuation for evaluating protected areas in the developing world: Economic valuation of Morro do Diabo State Park, Atlantic Rainforest, São Paulo State (Brazil)," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2-3), pages 359-370, June.
    6. Brian Witt, 2019. "Tourists’ Willingness to Pay Increased Entrance Fees at Mexican Protected Areas: A Multi-Site Contingent Valuation Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(11), pages 1-22, May.
    7. Scarpa, Riccardo & Hutchinson, W. George & Chilton, Susan M. & Buongiorno, Joseph, 2000. "Importance of forest attributes in the willingness to pay for recreation: a contingent valuation study of Irish forests," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(3-4), pages 315-329, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Agnieszka Lorek & Paweł Lorek, 2021. "Social Assessment of the Value of Forests and Protected Areas on the Example of the Silesian Voivodeship," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(6), pages 1-12, March.
    2. Cyprian Chwiałkowski & Adam Zydroń, 2021. "Socio-Economic and Spatial Characteristics of Wielkopolski National Park: Application of the Hedonic Pricing Method," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(9), pages 1-17, April.

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