IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

A Holistic View on Sustainability in Additive and Subtractive Manufacturing: A Comparative Empirical Study of Eyewear Production Systems


  • Sam Solaimani

    (Center for Marketing and Supply Chain Management, Nyenrode Business University, 3621 BG Breukelen, The Netherlands
    First Consulting, 1016 BX Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

  • Alireza Parandian

    (Materialise N. V., 3001 Leuven, Belgium)

  • Nabi Nabiollahi

    (Materialise N. V., 3001 Leuven, Belgium)


To achieve sustainability across the product life cycle, attention to the production process is a prerequisite. As a result of technological advancements, innovation and inventions in production methods are in full swing. Production methods that enable mass customisation (MC) are one of the recent developments in the production domain. This study aims to empirically explore the sustainability impact of two MC-oriented production methods, namely, additive manufacturing (i.e., Selective Laser Sintering) and subtractive manufacturing (Computer Numerical Control Milling) within two complete production lines (i.e., from raw material to assembly) for a wearable product. In the context of the triple bottom line framework, the production lines are analysed from an economic, environmental, and social standpoint. A Discrete-Event Simulation (DES) is used to quantify and compare both production systems with their inherent variability in a dynamic setting of fluctuating order volume and diversity. The findings of the simulation are qualitatively evaluated using expert interviews. This study provides a detailed insight into several sustainability trade-offs in production systems where additive and subtractive manufacturing are involved.

Suggested Citation

  • Sam Solaimani & Alireza Parandian & Nabi Nabiollahi, 2021. "A Holistic View on Sustainability in Additive and Subtractive Manufacturing: A Comparative Empirical Study of Eyewear Production Systems," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(19), pages 1-17, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:19:p:10775-:d:645221

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Abdul Waheed & Qingyu Zhang & Yasir Rashid & Muhammad Sohail Tahir & Muhammad Wasif Zafar, 2020. "Impact of green manufacturing on consumer ecological behavior: Stakeholder engagement through green production and innovation," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 28(5), pages 1395-1403, September.
    2. Muhammad Imran Qureshi & Nohman Khan & Shazia Qayyum & Subha Malik & Sanil S Hishan & Thurasamy Ramayah, 2020. "Classifications of Sustainable Manufacturing Practices in ASEAN Region: A Systematic Review and Bibliometric Analysis of the Past Decade of Research," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(21), pages 1-19, October.
    3. Michael Potstada & Alireza Parandian & Douglas K. R. Robinson & Jan Zybura, 2016. "An alignment approach for an industry in the making: DIGINOVA and the case of digital fabrication," Post-Print hal-01276908, HAL.
    4. Selladurai, R. S., 2004. "Mass customization in operations management: oxymoron or reality?," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 295-300, August.
    5. Paul Christoph Gembarski & Thorsten Schoormann & Daniel Schreiber & Ralf Knackstedt & Roland Lachmayer, 2018. "Effects of Mass Customization on Sustainability: A Literature-Based Analysis," Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics, in: Stephan Hankammer & Kjeld Nielsen & Frank T. Piller & Günther Schuh & Ning Wang (ed.), Customization 4.0, pages 285-300, Springer.
    6. Marc A. Rosen & Hossam A. Kishawy, 2012. "Sustainable Manufacturing and Design: Concepts, Practices and Needs," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 4(2), pages 1-21, January.
    7. Sven-Vegard Buer & Jan Ola Strandhagen & Felix T. S. Chan, 2018. "The link between Industry 4.0 and lean manufacturing: mapping current research and establishing a research agenda," International Journal of Production Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 56(8), pages 2924-2940, April.
    8. Masood Fathi & Morteza Ghobakhloo, 2020. "Enabling Mass Customization and Manufacturing Sustainability in Industry 4.0 Context: A Novel Heuristic Algorithm for in-Plant Material Supply Optimization," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(16), pages 1-15, August.
    9. K. Madan Shankar & P. Udhaya Kumar & Devika Kannan, 2016. "Analyzing the Drivers of Advanced Sustainable Manufacturing System Using AHP Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 8(8), pages 1-10, August.
    10. Joshi, Yatish & Rahman, Zillur, 2019. "Consumers' Sustainable Purchase Behaviour: Modeling the Impact of Psychological Factors," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 159(C), pages 235-243.
    11. Hossam A. Kishawy & Hussien Hegab & Elsadig Saad, 2018. "Design for Sustainable Manufacturing: Approach, Implementation, and Assessment," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(10), pages 1-15, October.
    12. Potstada, Michael & Parandian, Alireza & Robinson, Douglas K.R. & Zybura, Jan, 2016. "An alignment approach for an industry in the making: DIGINOVA and the case of digital fabrication," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 182-192.
    13. Vladimir Modrak & Zuzana Soltysova & Jan Modrak & Annamaria Behunova, 2017. "Reducing Impact of Negative Complexity on Sustainability of Mass Customization," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 9(11), pages 1-16, November.
    14. Luc Phan Tan & Angelina Nhat Hanh Le & Lan Pham Xuan, 2020. "A Systematic Literature Review on Social Entrepreneurial Intention," Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(3), pages 241-256, September.
    15. Inês Ribeiro & Florinda Matos & Celeste Jacinto & Hafiz Salman & Gonçalo Cardeal & Helena Carvalho & Radu Godina & Paulo Peças, 2020. "Framework for Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment of Additive Manufacturing," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(3), pages 1-22, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Athar Ajaz Khan & János Abonyi, 2022. "Simulation of Sustainable Manufacturing Solutions: Tools for Enabling Circular Economy," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(15), pages 1-40, August.
    2. Joana R. Gouveia & Sara M. Pinto & Sara Campos & João R. Matos & João Sobral & Sílvia Esteves & Luís Oliveira, 2022. "Life Cycle Assessment and Cost Analysis of Additive Manufacturing Repair Processes in the Mold Industry," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(4), pages 1-17, February.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Hariyani, Dharmendra & Mishra, Sanjeev & Hariyani, Poonam & Sharma, Milind Kumar, 2023. "Drivers and motives for sustainable manufacturing system," Innovation and Green Development, Elsevier, vol. 2(1).
    2. Wenzel, Matthias & Will, Matthias Georg, 2019. "The communicative constitution of academic fields in the digital age: The case of CSR," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 517-533.
    3. Caputo, Andrea & Pizzi, Simone & Pellegrini, Massimiliano M. & Dabić, Marina, 2021. "Digitalization and business models: Where are we going? A science map of the field," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 489-501.
    4. Gaurav Gaurav & Govind Sharan Dangayach & Makkhan Lal Meena & Vijay Chaudhary & Sumit Gupta & Sandeep Jagtap, 2023. "The Environmental Impacts of Bar Soap Production: Uncovering Sustainability Risks with LCA Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(12), pages 1-20, June.
    5. Walter Chipambwa & Richie Moalosi & Yaone Rapitsenyane & Olefile Bethuel Molwane, 2023. "Sustainable Design Orientation in Furniture-Manufacturing SMEs in Zimbabwe," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(9), pages 1-14, May.
    6. Wang, I. Kim & Seidle, Russell, 2020. "Ambition in innovation: Vicarious learning in the nascent electric scooter market in Taiwan," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 152(C).
    7. Fawaz M. Abdullah & Abdulrahman M. Al-Ahmari & Saqib Anwar, 2023. "Analyzing Interdependencies among Influencing Factors in Smart Manufacturing," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(4), pages 1-19, February.
    8. Mohamed Abubakr & Adel T. Abbas & Italo Tomaz & Mahmoud S. Soliman & Monis Luqman & Hussien Hegab, 2020. "Sustainable and Smart Manufacturing: An Integrated Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(6), pages 1-19, March.
    9. Shamraiz Ahmad & Kuan Yew Wong & Babar Zaman, 2019. "A Comprehensive and Integrated Stochastic-Fuzzy Method for Sustainability Assessment in the Malaysian Food Manufacturing Industry," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(4), pages 1-23, February.
    10. Roth, Steffen & Dahms, Harry F. & Welz, Frank & Cattacin, Sandro, 2019. "Print theories of computer societies. Introduction to the digital transformation of social theory," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 149(C).
    11. Marco Savastano & Carlo Amendola & Francesco Bellini & Fabrizio D’Ascenzo, 2019. "Contextual Impacts on Industrial Processes Brought by the Digital Transformation of Manufacturing: A Systematic Review," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(3), pages 1-38, February.
    12. Halbinger, Maria A., 2018. "The role of makerspaces in supporting consumer innovation and diffusion: An empirical analysis," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(10), pages 2028-2036.
    13. Müller, Julian Marius & Buliga, Oana & Voigt, Kai-Ingo, 2018. "Fortune favors the prepared: How SMEs approach business model innovations in Industry 4.0," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 2-17.
    14. von Delft, Stephan & Zhao, Yang, 2021. "Business models in process industries: Emerging trends and future research," Technovation, Elsevier, vol. 105(C).
    15. Mariani, Marcello & Borghi, Matteo, 2019. "Industry 4.0: A bibliometric review of its managerial intellectual structure and potential evolution in the service industries," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 149(C).
    16. Xiaowei Guan & Jun Zhao, 2022. "A Two-Step Fuzzy MCDM Method for Implementation of Sustainable Precision Manufacturing: Evidence from China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(13), pages 1-27, July.
    17. Robinson, Douglas K.R. & Lagnau, Axel & Boon, Wouter P.C., 2019. "Innovation pathways in additive manufacturing: Methods for tracing emerging and branching paths from rapid prototyping to alternative applications," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 733-750.
    18. Julie Bayle-Cordier & Loïc Berger & Rayan Elatmani & Massimo Tavoni, 2023. "Breath, Love, Walk? The Impact of Mindfulness Interventions on Climate Policy Support and Environmental Attitudes," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(13), pages 1-29, July.
    19. Kautish, Pradeep & Paço, Arminda & Thaichon, Park, 2022. "Sustainable consumption and plastic packaging: Relationships among product involvement, perceived marketplace influence and choice behavior," Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Elsevier, vol. 67(C).
    20. Islam Elgammal & Marwa Ghanem & Obaid Al-Modaf, 2024. "Sustainable Purchasing Behaviors in Generation Z: The Role of Social Identity and Behavioral Intentions in the Saudi Context," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 16(11), pages 1-18, May.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:19:p:10775-:d:645221. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: MDPI Indexing Manager (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.