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Physical Activity, Natural Environment, Present Moment Awareness, and Its Consideration: A Qualitative Review


  • Ivan Uher

    (Institute of Physical Education and Sport, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia)

  • Alena Buková

    (Institute of Physical Education and Sport, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia)

  • Milena Švedová

    (Faculty of Management, PreŠov University in PreŠov, 080 01 PreŠov, Slovakia)

  • Tatiana Kimáková

    (Department of Public Health and Hygiene, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, 041 80 Košice, Slovakia)

  • Zuzana Küchelová

    (Institute of Physical Education and Sport, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia)

  • Mária Jusková

    (Faculty of Management, PreŠov University in PreŠov, 080 01 PreŠov, Slovakia)

  • Jaroslaw Cholewa

    (Department of Physical Education, J. Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, 40-065 Katowice, Poland)


Longstanding research suggests a plausible relation between physical activity, the natural environment, and overall health. However, when investigating this relationship, most studies focused on the absence of disease or frailty as health indicators. The relation between physical activity (PA), subjective well-being (SWB), natural environment, and present moment awareness (PMA) remains unexplored. The presented qualitative review offers a perspective model of the relationship between physical activity, natural environment, and awareness of the present moment that helps us explore its underlying, relating pathways. Our review concludes that present moment awareness can be worthy of attention to detect the impact of physical activity, subjective well-being and staying in a natural environment on selected samples, as well as its influence on maximizing related benefits for health and well-being. The challenge after that is to consider how to monitor the complex interactions that will occur within the multiple levels of influence. Essentially, a unified model of research and practice which incorporates physiological and psychological theories is undoubtedly needed. If that happens, we can understand the role of the diverse regulators upon behavior and proceed to convey this evidence into future health-promoting interventions.

Suggested Citation

  • Ivan Uher & Alena Buková & Milena Švedová & Tatiana Kimáková & Zuzana Küchelová & Mária Jusková & Jaroslaw Cholewa, 2021. "Physical Activity, Natural Environment, Present Moment Awareness, and Its Consideration: A Qualitative Review," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(15), pages 1-8, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:15:p:8436-:d:603433

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ohrnberger, Julius & Fichera, Eleonora & Sutton, Matt, 2017. "The relationship between physical and mental health: A mediation analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 195(C), pages 42-49.
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