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Residents’ Perception of Destination Quality: Key Factors for Sustainable Rural Development

Author

Listed:
  • Iulia C. Muresan

    () (Department of Economic Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

  • Rezhen Harun

    () (Department of Agribusiness and Rural Development, College of Agricultural Sciences Engineering, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Regional Government-Iraq, Sulaimani-Bakrajo; Sulaimani-IRAQ 334, Iraq)

  • Felix H. Arion

    () (Department of Economic Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

  • Camelia F. Oroian

    () (Department of Economic Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

  • Diana E. Dumitras

    () (Department of Economic Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

  • Valentin C. Mihai

    () (Department of Economic Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

  • Marioara Ilea

    () (Department of Economic Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

  • Daniel I. Chiciudean

    () (Department of Economic Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

  • Iulia D. Gliga

    () (Department of Land Measurements and Science, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

  • Gabriela O. Chiciudean

    () (Department of Economic Sciences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3-5 Manastur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania)

Abstract

Tourism represents a viable alternative for economic activities in rural areas, and improves the living standards of the communities. The aim of the paper is to assess residents’ perceptions towards tourism destination quality in the North-West Development Region of Romania using the following items: natural attractions: cultural and social attractions; accommodation; food; availability of transportation to destination area; quality of information and communication; hospitality of host community; feeling of security and safety. A survey was conducted to collect the data and a total of 433 questionnaires were validated and analyzed. Descriptive and inferential statistics (Principal component analysis, ANOVA, Scheffe multiple range test) were used to analyze the data. Results show that there are statistically significant differences in residents’ perceptions between counties. Two of the components of destination quality (general infrastructure and tourism potential) are affected by the gender of residents, while the level of education has no significant effect. A weak and indirect correlation was found between the age of residents and their perception towards a quality destination. This study makes two contributions to the existing literature. First, a questionnaire was developed based on the QUALITEST tool adapted to the realities of the research area. Second, we analyzed the perception of residents towards a quality destination in relation to their socio-demographic characteristics and county of residence. Understanding the implications of tourism development from the residents’ point of view helps to increase knowledge about the factors affecting the long-term, sustainable success of tourism destinations.

Suggested Citation

  • Iulia C. Muresan & Rezhen Harun & Felix H. Arion & Camelia F. Oroian & Diana E. Dumitras & Valentin C. Mihai & Marioara Ilea & Daniel I. Chiciudean & Iulia D. Gliga & Gabriela O. Chiciudean, 2019. "Residents’ Perception of Destination Quality: Key Factors for Sustainable Rural Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(9), pages 1-21, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:9:p:2594-:d:228464
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    13. Rezhen Harun & Gabriela O. Chiciudean & Kawan Sirwan & Felix H. Arion & Iulia C. Muresan, 2018. "Attitudes and Perceptions of the Local Community towards Sustainable Tourism Development in Kurdistan Regional Government, Iraq," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(9), pages 1-13, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Francisco J. Castellano-Álvarez & Ana Nieto Masot & José Castro-Serrano, 2020. "Intangibles of Rural Development. The Case Study of La Vera (Extremadura, Spain)," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(6), pages 1-18, June.
    2. Tiantian (Tiana) Shi & Biao He & Jun (Justin) Li, 2019. "Exotic or Home? Tourists’ Perception of Guest Houses, Guest Houses Loyalty, and Destination Loyalty in Remote Tourist Destinations," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(14), pages 1-16, July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    tourism quality; tourist area sustainable development; rural tourism;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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