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System and Cost Analysis of Stand-Alone Solar Home System Applied to a Developing Country


  • Chowdhury Akram Hossain

    (Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, American International University-Bangladesh, Dhaka 1229, Bangladesh)

  • Nusrat Chowdhury

    (Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Daffodil International University, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh)

  • Michela Longo

    (Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, 34–20156 Milano, Italy)

  • Wahiba Yaïci

    (CanmetENERGY Research Centre, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, ON K1A 1M1, Canada)


Power is one of the key requirements for the development of economies and upgrading of standards of living of developing countries. Countries such as Bangladesh depend largely on fossil fuels such as diesel fuel and natural gas to produce the main proportion of their electricity. However, this country’s combination of limited natural gas reserves high fuel prices and escalating costs of transmission and distribution lines has greatly increased the unit cost of electricity generation and it is becoming difficult for customers to pay for electricity. On the other hand, burning fuel causes environmental pollution that leads to global warming which is ultimately responsible for climate change and its devastating consequences. In this study, we have recommended a stand-alone system for the traditional consumption of domestic electric use at residential units in Bangladesh. We have shown a comparison of using the stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) system with the traditional grid connection. Although the initial set-up cost is high, it becomes profitable as people are supplied with electricity, which is being generated from PV as a result minimizing the energy cost from the grid, and in addition, they can later make savings from this system. This paper, therefore, aims at determining the optimum size of the rooftop solar home system that will fulfil all the criteria for powering up electrical appliances at an affordable price. Comparative analysis of both energy systems based on the cost calculation has been performed by means of the Hybrid Optimization of Multiple Energy Renewables (HOMER) software. The validity of this proposal and its usefulness is also analysed.

Suggested Citation

  • Chowdhury Akram Hossain & Nusrat Chowdhury & Michela Longo & Wahiba Yaïci, 2019. "System and Cost Analysis of Stand-Alone Solar Home System Applied to a Developing Country," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(5), pages 1-13, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:5:p:1403-:d:211588

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mageswaran Rengasamy & Sivasankar Gangatharan & Rajvikram Madurai Elavarasan & Lucian Mihet-Popa, 2020. "The Motivation for Incorporation of Microgrid Technology in Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic Deployment to Enhance Energy Economics," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(24), pages 1-27, December.
    2. Modawy Adam Ali Abdalla & Wang Min & Omer Abbaker Ahmed Mohammed, 2020. "Two-Stage Energy Management Strategy of EV and PV Integrated Smart Home to Minimize Electricity Cost and Flatten Power Load Profile," Energies, MDPI, vol. 13(23), pages 1-18, December.
    3. Olubayo M. Babatunde & Josiah L. Munda & Yskandar Hamam, 2019. "Selection of a Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems for a Low-Income Household," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(16), pages 1-24, August.
    4. Fernando Antonanzas-Torres & Javier Antonanzas & Julio Blanco-Fernandez, 2021. "Environmental Impact of Solar Home Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(17), pages 1-19, August.
    5. Nusrat Chowdhury & Chowdhury Akram Hossain & Michela Longo & Wahiba Yaïci, 2020. "Feasibility and Cost Analysis of Photovoltaic-Biomass Hybrid Energy System in Off-Grid Areas of Bangladesh," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(4), pages 1-15, February.
    6. Saqib Iqbal & Kamyar Mehran, 2022. "A Day-Ahead Energy Management for Multi MicroGrid System to Optimize the Energy Storage Charge and Grid Dependency—A Comparative Analysis," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(11), pages 1-19, June.
    7. Mohammed W. Baidas & Rola W. Hasaneya & Rashad M. Kamel & Sultan Sh. Alanzi, 2021. "Solar-Powered Cellular Base Stations in Kuwait: A Case Study," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(22), pages 1-26, November.

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