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Green Environments and Happiness Level in Housing Areas toward a Sustainable Life


  • Min Jee Nikki Han

    (School of Architecture, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea)

  • Mi Jeong Kim

    (School of Architecture, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea)


Housing environments should enable residents to have positive experiences through the allocation of diverse green environments, which lead to physically and mentally happy, healthy living. Such positive experiences affect their happiness level, thus leading to sustainable lives. However, in Korea, since the 1980s, the design of housing complexes has been overly focused on their economic and iconic value, while the importance of residents’ experiences has been ignored in the living environment. This research explores categories of green environments in accordance with their scale and purpose of use and evaluates green environments in housing areas by focusing on the residents’ happiness levels. Further, this research examines the correlation between green environments and residents’ happiness level and the effect of green environments on their sociality satisfaction level. The results indicate that green environments and happiness levels are critically correlated. Through the results, this research emphasizes the importance of providing structural and strategic planning of green environments in housing areas for residents’ happiness, and thus their sustainable lives.

Suggested Citation

  • Min Jee Nikki Han & Mi Jeong Kim, 2019. "Green Environments and Happiness Level in Housing Areas toward a Sustainable Life," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(17), pages 1-18, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:17:p:4768-:d:262975

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Christopher Ambrey & Christopher Fleming, 2014. "Public Greenspace and Life Satisfaction in Urban Australia," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 51(6), pages 1290-1321, May.
    2. Krekel, Christian & Kolbe, Jens & Wüstemann, Henry, 2016. "The greener, the happier? The effect of urban land use on residential well-being," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 117-127.
    3. Su Kye & Keeho Park, 2014. "Health-related determinants of happiness in Korean adults," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 59(5), pages 731-738, October.
    4. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Richard Layard & John F. Helliwell, 2018. "World Happiness Report 2018," Working Papers id:12761, eSocialSciences.
    5. Welsch, Heinz, 2009. "Implications of happiness research for environmental economics," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(11), pages 2735-2742, September.
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    1. Mostafa E. Shahen & Shibly Shahrier & Koji Kotani, 2019. "Happiness, Generativity and Social Preferences in a Developing Country: A Possibility of Future Design," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(19), pages 1-17, September.
    2. Qi Zhang & Hongyang Li & Xin Wan & Martin Skitmore & Hailin Sun, 2020. "An Intelligent Waste Removal System for Smarter Communities," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(17), pages 1-27, August.

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