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The Meaning of Health, Well-Being, and Quality of Life Perceived by Roma People in West Sweden

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  • Leena Eklund Karlsson

    () (Department of Health, Culture and Education Sciences, University West, Gustava Melinsgata 2, 46186 Trollhättan, Sweden
    Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs vej 9, 6700 Esbjerg, Denmark)

  • Kristine Crondahl

    () (Department of Health, Culture and Education Sciences, University West, Gustava Melinsgata 2, 46186 Trollhättan, Sweden)

  • Fredrik Sunnemark

    () (Department of Health, Culture and Education Sciences, University West, Gustava Melinsgata 2, 46186 Trollhättan, Sweden)

  • Åsa Andersson

    () (Department of Social Work, University West, Gustava Melinsgata 2, 46186 Trollhättan, Sweden)

Abstract

Many Roma people in Sweden are on the margins of society and face problems of social exclusion, institutional discrimination, low education, unemployment, and poor health. The aim is to describe how a group of Roma people, in West Sweden, understand health, well-being, and quality of life within the Roma context, and how they cope with their life-situation. Data consisted of qualitative interviews. The data were analyzed qualitatively using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach. The respondents mainly understood the concept of Health as “being healthy” and “feeling good”. Elements that were crucial part of the respondents’ health perception were being employed, having an education, social support from family and friends, freedom and security, and the extent of involvement in society. The results indicate that the respondents perceive their health and life situation as good, despite of their marginalized situation and discrimination.

Suggested Citation

  • Leena Eklund Karlsson & Kristine Crondahl & Fredrik Sunnemark & Åsa Andersson, 2013. "The Meaning of Health, Well-Being, and Quality of Life Perceived by Roma People in West Sweden," Societies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(2), pages 1-18, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsoctx:v:3:y:2013:i:2:p:243-260:d:26388
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2003:93:2:200-208_6 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. D. Shin & D. Johnson, 1978. "Avowed happiness as an overall assessment of the quality of life," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 475-492, March.
    3. Albrecht, Gary L. & Devlieger, Patrick J., 1999. "The disability paradox: high quality of life against all odds," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 48(8), pages 977-988, April.
    4. repec:aph:ajpbhl:10.2105/ajph.2012.300702_4 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Michael Eid & Ed Diener, 2004. "Global Judgments of Subjective Well-Being: Situational Variability and Long-Term Stability," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 65(3), pages 245-277, February.
    6. Harris, Ricci & Tobias, Martin & Jeffreys, Mona & Waldegrave, Kiri & Karlsen, Saffron & Nazroo, James, 2006. "Racism and health: The relationship between experience of racial discrimination and health in New Zealand," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 63(6), pages 1428-1441, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Roma people; health perceptions; quality of life; well-being; qualitative research;

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • P - Economic Systems
    • P0 - Economic Systems - - General
    • P1 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems
    • P2 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies
    • P3 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions
    • P4 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems
    • P5 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics

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