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Which Determinants Matter for Working Capital Management in Energy Industry? The Case of European Union Economy

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  • Jacek Jaworski

    (Faculty of Business, WSB University in Gdańsk, 80-266 Gdańsk, Poland)

  • Leszek Czerwonka

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Gdańsk, 80-309 Gdańsk, Poland)

Abstract

The main purpose of the paper is to identify firm,- industry- and country-specific determinants of working capital management (WCM) in energy industry. The empirical research is based on 6122 EU companies operating in the years 2011–2018. The influence of internal factors on variables describing WCM (cash conversion cycle—CCC, financial liquidity—LIQ and level of working capital—WC) were identified. The factors included: size of the company (positive effect), its growth, tangibility and indebtedness (negative effect). Cash flow had a positive effect on CCC and a negative effect on LIQ and WC. The influence of industry-specific factors were also found. Companies applied similar strategies in CCC and LIQ management, following their industry averages. Measures of WCM decreased under the influence of an increase in average trade payables in the industry. Following country-specific factors were found to be significant: (i) growth of GDP and strength of legal rights had negative influence on all measures of WCM, (ii) unemployment positively affects LIQ and WC and negatively CCC, (iii) an increase in the share of renewable energy sources caused a decrease in all WCM measures, while (iv) with an increase in energy consumption, CCC and WC increased.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacek Jaworski & Leszek Czerwonka, 2022. "Which Determinants Matter for Working Capital Management in Energy Industry? The Case of European Union Economy," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(9), pages 1-18, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:15:y:2022:i:9:p:3030-:d:798487
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