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Dual Frequency Regulation in Pumping Mode in a Wind–Hydro Isolated System

Author

Listed:
  • José Ignacio Sarasúa

    () (Department of Hydraulic, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, C/Profesor Aranguren 3, 28040 Madrid, Spain)

  • Guillermo Martínez-Lucas

    () (Department of Hydraulic, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, C/Profesor Aranguren 3, 28040 Madrid, Spain)

  • Carlos A. Platero

    () (Department of Electrical Engineering, E.T.S.I. Industriales, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, C/José Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain)

  • José Ángel Sánchez-Fernández

    () (Department of Hydraulic, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, C/Profesor Aranguren 3, 28040 Madrid, Spain)

Abstract

Frequency control is one of the most critical tasks in isolated power systems, especially in high renewable penetration scenarios. This paper presents a new hydropower pumped-storage dual control strategy that combines variable-speed-driven pumps and fixed-speed-driven pumps. A possible case for implementation of such a control scheme is described based on El Hierro Island’s power system. This isolated power system consists of a hybrid wind pumped-storage hydropower plant and diesel generators. The pumped-storage power plant is divided into a hydropower plant equipped with four Pelton turbines and a pump station equipped with both fixed- and variable-speed pumps. According to the proposed control scheme, frequency regulation will be provided by a dual controller: a continuous controller for the variable-speed pumps and a discrete controller for the fixed-speed pumps. The Pelton units, which operate as synchronous condensers, also supply the power system inertia. Therefore, diesel units may be disconnected, decreasing generation costs and greenhouse gas emissions. Owing to the combination of both controllers and the inertia of the Pelton units, an acceptable frequency regulation can be achieved. This technique has been validated through computer simulations.

Suggested Citation

  • José Ignacio Sarasúa & Guillermo Martínez-Lucas & Carlos A. Platero & José Ángel Sánchez-Fernández, 2018. "Dual Frequency Regulation in Pumping Mode in a Wind–Hydro Isolated System," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(11), pages 1-17, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:11:p:2865-:d:177603
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Iglesias, G. & Carballo, R., 2011. "Wave resource in El Hierro—an island towards energy self-sufficiency," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 689-698.
    2. Rodrigues, E.M.G. & Osório, G.J. & Godina, R. & Bizuayehu, A.W. & Lujano-Rojas, J.M. & Catalão, J.P.S., 2016. "Grid code reinforcements for deeper renewable generation in insular energy systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 163-177.
    3. Raja Singh, R. & Raj Chelliah, Thanga & Agarwal, Pramod, 2014. "Power electronics in hydro electric energy systems – A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 944-959.
    4. Arun Shankar, Vishnu Kalaiselvan & Umashankar, Subramaniam & Paramasivam, Shanmugam & Hanigovszki, Norbert, 2016. "A comprehensive review on energy efficiency enhancement initiatives in centrifugal pumping system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 181(C), pages 495-513.
    5. Dursun, Bahtiyar & Alboyaci, Bora & Gokcol, Cihan, 2011. "Optimal wind-hydro solution for the Marmara region of Turkey to meet electricity demand," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 864-872.
    6. Platero, C.A. & Nicolet, C. & Sánchez, J.A. & Kawkabani, B., 2014. "Increasing wind power penetration in autonomous power systems through no-flow operation of Pelton turbines," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 515-523.
    7. Martínez-Lucas, Guillermo & Sarasúa, José Ignacio & Sánchez-Fernández, José Ángel & Wilhelmi, José Román, 2016. "Frequency control support of a wind-solar isolated system by a hydropower plant with long tail-race tunnel," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 362-376.
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    Cited by:

    1. Carlos A. Platero & José A. Sánchez & Christophe Nicolet & Philippe Allenbach, 2019. "Hydropower Plants Frequency Regulation Depending on Upper Reservoir Water Level," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(9), pages 1-15, April.
    2. Rafael Sebastián & Antonio Nevado, 2020. "Study and Simulation of a Wind Hydro Isolated Microgrid," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(22), pages 1-15, November.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    frequency regulation; isolated system; variable-speed pump; wind penetration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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