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Hydropower Plants Frequency Regulation Depending on Upper Reservoir Water Level

Author

Listed:
  • Carlos A. Platero

    () (Department of Electrical Engineering, ETSI Industriales, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, C/José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain)

  • José A. Sánchez

    () (Department of Hydraulic, Energy and Environmental Engineering, ETSICCP, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, C/Profesor Aranguren No 3, 28040 Madrid, Spain)

  • Christophe Nicolet

    () (Power Vision Engineering, Chemin des Champs-Courbes 1, CH-1024 Ecublens, Switzerland)

  • Philippe Allenbach

    () (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, EPFL STI STI-DEC GR-SCI-IEL, ELG 033 (Bâtiment ELG), Station 11, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland)

Abstract

This paper presents a novel method of hydro power plant operation, based on the control of the injectors’ or wicked gates opening time as a function of the upper reservoir level. In this way, a faster power injection, depending on the current water level on the upper reservoir, could be achieved. When this level is higher, the opening time could be shorter; hence, hydropower ramps could be steeper. Due to this control, frequency excursions and load shedding trips are smaller, thus the power quality is enhanced. This method has been tested and validated by computer simulations in a case study located in El Hierro island, Canary Archipelago (Spain). The simulations made show significant improvements, dependent on upper reservoir water level, in power quality.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos A. Platero & José A. Sánchez & Christophe Nicolet & Philippe Allenbach, 2019. "Hydropower Plants Frequency Regulation Depending on Upper Reservoir Water Level," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(9), pages 1-15, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:12:y:2019:i:9:p:1637-:d:227012
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yu-Chen Lin & Valentina Emilia Balas & Marius Mircea Balas & Jian-Zhang Peng, 2019. "Adaptive Backstepping Nonsingular Fast Terminal Sliding Mode Control for Hydro-Turbine Governor Design," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(1), pages 1-22, December.
    2. Francisco Briongos & Carlos A. Platero & José A. Sánchez-Fernández & Christophe Nicolet, 2020. "Evaluation of the Operating Efficiency of a Hybrid Wind–Hydro Powerplant," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(2), pages 1-1, January.
    3. Yi Liu & Zhiqiang Jiang & Zhongkai Feng & Yuyun Chen & Hairong Zhang & Ping Chen, 2019. "Optimization of Energy Storage Operation Chart of Cascade Reservoirs with Multi-Year Regulating Reservoir," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(20), pages 1-20, October.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    hydroelectric power generation; power system dynamic stability; frequency stability; wind power generation; hydraulic equipment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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