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The two-legged stool: the neglected role of educational standards in improving America's public schools


  • Julian R. Betts


The author notes that raising the school-leaving age and increasing the amount of spending per pupil have been extremely important public school reforms. However, he says, sizable improvements in school quality will only be evident when these two reforms are complemented by higher standards--and when students' abilities to meet these standards are tested.

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  • Julian R. Betts, 1998. "The two-legged stool: the neglected role of educational standards in improving America's public schools," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Mar, pages 97-116.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednep:y:1998:i:mar:p:97-116:n:v.4no.1

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    1. Hanushek, Eric A., 2006. "School Resources," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.
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    Cited by:

    1. Oliver Himmler & Robert Schwager, 2013. "Double Standards in Educational Standards – Do Schools with a Disadvantaged Student Body Grade More Leniently?," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 14(2), pages 166-189, May.
    2. Giorgio Brunello & Lorenzo Rocco, 2008. "Educational Standards in Private and Public Schools," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 118(533), pages 1866-1887, November.

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