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Determinants of bank versus nonbank competitiveness in short-term business lending

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  • Elizabeth S. Laderman

Abstract

Since about 1974, banks' share of the market for short-term business lending has been steadily eroded through competition with nonbank creditors. This paper tries to identify some factors that may affect bank competitiveness in this category in the short fun and discusses how these factors may have contributed to banks' loss of market share. Estimation of a simple linear model in first differences indicates that banks' market share responds negatively in the short run to above-average default risk and/or monetary tightness and to a decrease in banks' value of deposit insurance. Banks' market share responds positively to an increase in the level of interbank competition. Extrapolation from the short-run model to long-run effects demonstrates the plausibility that above average risk and/or monetary tightness and increases in the aggregate weighted capital-to-assets ratio, which contributes to decreases in the value of deposit insurance, may have played a small role in banks' loss of market share since the mid-1970s.

Suggested Citation

  • Elizabeth S. Laderman, 1993. "Determinants of bank versus nonbank competitiveness in short-term business lending," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, pages 17-32.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfer:y:1993:p:17-32:n:2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Berlin, Mitchell & Mester, Loretta J, 1999. "Deposits and Relationship Lending," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 12(3), pages 579-607.
    2. Mitchell Berlin & Loretta J. Mester, 1998. "Deposits and Relationship Lending Review of Financial Studies," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 99-03, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    3. Brewer III, Elijah & Minton, Bernadette A. & Moser, James T., 2000. "Interest-rate derivatives and bank lending," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 353-379, March.
    4. Elijah Brewer & William E. Jackson & James T. Moser, 2001. "The value of using interest rate derivatives to manage risk of U.S. banking organizations," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Q III, pages 49-66.

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