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Urban decline in rust-belt cities


  • Hartley, Daniel


Many Rust-Belt cities have seen almost half their populations move from inside the city borders to the surrounding suburbs and elsewhere since the 1970s. As populations shifted, neighborhoods changed—in their average income, educational profile, and housing prices. But the shift did not happen in every neighborhood at the same rate. Recent research has uncovered some of the patterns characterizing the process.>

Suggested Citation

  • Hartley, Daniel, 2013. "Urban decline in rust-belt cities," Economic Commentary, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue May.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedcec:y:2013:i:may20:n:2013-06

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Veronica Guerrieri & Daniel Hartley & Erik Hurst, 2012. "Within-City Variation in Urban Decline: The Case of Detroit," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(3), pages 120-126, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wardrip, Keith & Hunt, Robert M., 2013. "Residential Migration, Entry, and Exit as Seen Through the Lens of Credit Bureau Data," Payment Cards Center Discussion Paper 13-4, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.

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    Cities and towns; Urban economics;


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