IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Role of Demographic Characteristics on Job Satisfaction


  • Muhamamd Mudasar Ghafoor

    () (PhD (Scholar), School of Business, University of Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom)


The cross-sectional study attempts to examine the relationship between Demographic Characteristics and job satisfaction among academic staff of public and private sectors universities in Pakistan. There were 132 universities in Pakistan, in which 73 public sectors and 59 from private sectors. This study was conducted in Punjab Province in which total number of universities was 40 which includes 22 public and 18 private sectors. This study considered all public and private sector universities which were working in Punjab Province of Pakistan. Minnesota satisfaction questionnaire by Weiss, et al., was adopted and few items added to measure demographic characteristics. The questionnaire was pretested in seven universities of Punjab Province before final data collection. For data analysis Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) were used. The studied population was 6327 academic staff which comprises Lecturers, Assistant Professors, Associate Professors and Professors. The sample size was 310 academic staff and usable questionnaires were 299 which were 96.45% of total sample size. The cronbach’s alpha of the instrument was .852 which was above acceptable range. It was found there was not too much difference in job satisfaction on the basis of demographic characteristics. But, male academic staffs were slightly more satisfied than their counterpart. The permanent academic staffs were more satisfied than contractual academic staff. The academic staffs with PhD’s degree were more satisfied with job than academic staff with MPhil, Master and Bachelor (Hons) degree. The academic staffs with high net monthly salary were found more satisfied than those who were earning less monthly salary. The experienced faculty members were more satisfied than less experienced. It was also found age and job satisfaction was not positively correlated with each other’s. The academic staffs from private sector universities were comparatively more satisfied with overall job satisfaction than that of public sector universities. The findings of this study are helpful for administration of the concerned universities, Ministry of Education and Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for policy formulation regarding human assets.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhamamd Mudasar Ghafoor, 2012. "Role of Demographic Characteristics on Job Satisfaction," Far East Journal of Psychology and Business, Far East Research Centre, vol. 6(3), pages 30-45, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:fej:articl:v:6a:y:2012:i:3:p:30-45

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Krueger, Anne O, 1974. "The Political Economy of the Rent-Seeking Society," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(3), pages 291-303, June.
    2. Nadeem Ul Haque & Ratna Sahay, 1996. "Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? Costs of Corruption," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 43(4), pages 754-778, December.
    3. Zaheer, Arshad & Rehman, Kashif ur & Saif, M. Iqbal, 2008. "Development and testing of a business process efficiency scale," MPRA Paper 54467, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Rose-Ackerman, Susan, 1975. "The economics of corruption," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 187-203, February.
    5. António Afonso & Ludger Schuknecht & Vito Tanzi, 2005. "Public sector efficiency: An international comparison," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 123(3), pages 321-347, June.
    6. International Monetary Fund, 1998. "Public Sector Efficiency and Fiscal Austerity," IMF Working Papers 98/56, International Monetary Fund.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Mohammed, Safura & Ahmed Azumah, Ayisha & Tetteh, Rebecca, 2017. "An Empirical study of the Role of Demographics in Job Satisfaction of Sunyani Technical University staff," MPRA Paper 81471, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Muhammad Saqib Khan & Irfanullah Khan & Ghulam Muhammad Kundi & Shadiullah Khan & Allah Nawaz & Farhatullah Khan & Naseem Bakht Yar, 2014. "The Impact of Job Satisfaction and Organizational commitment on the Intention to leave among the Academicians," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 4(2), pages 114-131, February.
    3. repec:mgt:youmng:v:13:y:2018:i:2:p:111-136 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Anil K. Bhatt & Thomas Remigius, 2015. "A Comparative Study of Job Satisfaction among Management Teachers of MBA Colleges in South Rajasthan," Management, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 10(1), pages 17-33.

    More about this item


    Job Satisfaction; Demographic Characteristics; Higher Education Commission.;

    JEL classification:

    • M1 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fej:articl:v:6a:y:2012:i:3:p:30-45. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jim Chau) The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Jim Chau to update the entry or send us the correct email address. General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.