Is Purchasing Power Parity Hypothesis Reasonable from the View of Trade Blocks and Currency Zones?
Since the 1980s, many regional agreements have appeared to facilitate trade and spur economic growth. This paper examines whether or not the purchasing power parity (PPP) hypothesis for regional agreements has been satisfied. This study employs a nonlinear unit root test for real exchange rates (RERs). Overall, the test results provide stronger support for PPP than any earlier studies of bilateral PPP for trade/currency integrated countries. When the data for the postintegration period are included, the evidence for PPP becomes more significant. Regional agreements have promoted the PPP hypothesis. KPSS tests provide more evidence for PPP than the ADF and PP tests for the RERs of European Union (EU) countries against the currency of Germany and the euro but not for the RERs against the US dollar. These results show that convergence toward PPP between the EU countries tends to be nonlinear but is likely to be linear for the non-EU and between EU and non-EU industrialized countries. Tracing back to the potential sources of nonlinearity in RERs proposed in existing literature, the RERs of the EU countries are supposed to be less affected by trade barriers and more by official interventions in the foreign exchange market after the introduction of the euro. Also, financial integration seems to have played a more significant role in recent years over the existence of trade barriers.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- El. Thalassinos & Th. Kiriazidis, 2003. "Degrees Of Integration In International Portfolio Diversification: Effective Systemic Risk," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1-2), pages 119-130, January -.
- Claude Lopez & David H. Papell, 2007.
"Convergence to Purchasing Power Parity at the Commencement of the Euro,"
Review of International Economics,
Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(1), pages 1-16, 02.
- Claude Lopez & David H. Papell, 2003. "Convergence to Purchasing Power Parity at the Commencement of the Euro," Macroeconomics 0310008, EconWPA.
- Claude Lopez & David H. Papell, 2003. "Convergence to Purchasing Power Parity at the Commencement of the Euro," University of Cincinnati, Economics Working Papers Series 2003-08, University of Cincinnati, Department of Economics.
- Koedijk, Kees & Tims, Ben & Van Dijk, Mathijs A, 2004.
"Purchasing Power Parity and the Euro Area,"
CEPR Discussion Papers
4510, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Koedijk, C.G. & Tims, B. & van Dijk, M.A., 2004. "Purchasing Power Parity and the Euro Area," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2004-025-F&A, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
- Jani Bekő & Darja Borsic, 2007. "Purchasing Power Parity in Transition Economies: Does It Hold in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovenia?," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(4), pages 417-432.
- E. Thalassinos, 2007. "Trade Regionalization, Exchange Rate Policies and EU-US Economic Cooperation," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1-2), pages 111-118.
- Zeynel Abidin Ozdemir, 2007. "The purchasing power parity hypothesis in Turkey: evidence from nonlinear STAR error correction models," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(4), pages 307-311.
- Kapetanios, George & Shin, Yongcheol & Snell, Andy, 2003. "Testing for a unit root in the nonlinear STAR framework," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 112(2), pages 359-379, February.
- Drine, Imed & Rault, Christophe, 2007.
"Purchasing Power Parity for Developing and Developed Countries: What Can We Learn from Non-Stationary Panel Data Models?,"
IZA Discussion Papers
2887, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Imed Drine & Christophe Rault, 2008. "Purchasing Power Parity For Developing And Developed Countries. What Can We Learn From Non-Stationary Panel Data Models?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(4), pages 752-773, 09.
- Imed Drine & Christophe Rault, 2008. "Purchasing Power Parity for developing and developed countries. What can we learn from non-stationary panel data models?," Post-Print hal-00322105, HAL.
- Imed Drine & Christophe Rault, 2008. "Purchasing Power Parity for Developing and Developed Countries. What can we Learn from Non-Stationary Panel Data Models?," CESifo Working Paper Series 2255, CESifo Group Munich.
- Lean Hooi Hooi & Russell Smyth, 2007. "Are Asian real exchange rates mean reverting? Evidence from univariate and panel LM unit root tests with one and two structural breaks," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(16), pages 2109-2120.
- Paresh Kumar Narayan & Seema Narayan, 2007. "Are real exchange rates nonlinear with a unit root? Evidence on PPP for Italy: a note," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(19), pages 2483-2488.
- Mark P. Taylor, 2003. "Purchasing Power Parity," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(3), pages 436-452, 08.
- Sarno, Lucio & Taylor, Mark P. & Chowdhury, Ibrahim, 2004.
"Nonlinear dynamics in deviations from the law of one price: a broad-based empirical study,"
Journal of International Money and Finance,
Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 1-25, February.
- Chowdhury, Ibrahim & Sarno, Lucio & Taylor, Mark P, 2002. "Non-Linear Dynamics in Deviations from the Law of One Price: A Broad-Based Empirical Study," CEPR Discussion Papers 3377, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Michael, Panos & Nobay, A Robert & Peel, David A, 1997.
"Transactions Costs and Nonlinear Adjustment in Real Exchange Rates: An Empirical Investigation,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(4), pages 862-79, August.
- Tom Doan, . "RATS programs to replicate Michael-Nobay-Peel ESTAR models," Statistical Software Components RTZ00113, Boston College Department of Economics.
- Eleftherios Thalassinos & Pantelis E. Thalassinos, 2006. "Stock Markets' Integration Analysis," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(3-4), pages 3-14.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ers:journl:v:xii:y:2009:i:3:p:3-14. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Eleni Giannakopoulou)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.